Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


For general information, questions, submission of educational material, changes to Teacher Directory entries, etc.:


DISCLAIMER: The Qigong Institute makes no suggestions, claims, or recommendations regarding any medical therapy, treatments, exercise program, or medical practitioners. For medical advice or before embarking on any exercise program, we recommend that members of the public consult with a qualified physician.


What is Qigong?

Qigong is a mind-body practice originating from ancient Chinese culture that promotes mental and physical health and well-being by integrating posture, physical movement, diaphragmatic breathing, meditation, and mental focus. It may also include self-massage. There are numerous Qigong styles, schools, traditions, forms, and lineages that have distinct approaches, techniques, and philosophies, but all are based upon the principles of qi (“subtle breath” or “vital energy”) and gong (“skill cultivated through regular practice”). In Western medical terms qi can be characterized as the dynamic energy that underlies the physical processes and function of the body and encompasses the flow and balance of vital substances, such as oxygen, blood, lymph, and nutrients.

Qigong is fundamentally a personal practice that is centered around individual cultivation and self-discovery. Through gentle movements, breath control, meditation, and focus, practitioners develop heightened self-awareness and sensitivity to their internal states. As a personal practice, it can be adapted to different physical abilities, energy levels, and health conditions. While guidance from a qualified instructor is valuable and recommended, the true progress and benefits of Qigong come from personal commitment and dedication. Practitioners are encouraged to take responsibility for their practice, consistency, and self-discipline. Qigong is not confined to a specific time or space. It is a practice that can be integrated into daily life, allowing individuals to bring the benefits of Qigong beyond formal practice sessions. The principles and techniques of Qigong can be applied to various activities, such as walking, working, or interacting with others. 

Although the term qigong was coined at the end of the 1940's, it now also refers to dao yin, nei gong, and yangsheng practices along with other Taoist and in some cases Buddhist exercises which have been practiced for millennia. Qigong is a pre-cursor to but also considered part of Traditional Chinese Medicine, along with herbal medicine, acupuncture, and acupressure. Qigong is analogous to acupuncture without the needles in the sense that both practices involve manipulation and balancing of the body's energy. Among the many ways in which Qigong differs from acupuncture, Qigong is meditative movement that includes cultivation and balancing the body's energy over time through self-initiated practices.

According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, seventy percent of diseases are preventable, yet most people do not regularly practice prevention. Being truly well requires more than workouts at the gym, proper nutiriton, or western-style aerobic sports. While most exercises focus on building muscles or endurance, Qigong focuses on mind-body integration through the regulation and regeneration of the cardiovascular/circulatory, lymphatic, digestive, and nervous systems as well as the body's internal organs. Slow, graceful movements combined with mental concentration and relaxed breathing are used to increase and balance a person's vital energy or life force (qi). When mind intent and breathing technique is added to physical movement, the benefits of exercise can increase dramatically.

There are thousands of Qigong systems. Medical and spiritual components such as clearing the mind to reduce stress and increasing focus are built-in to all forms and styles of Qigong. Literally millions of people practice Qigong in China and around the world each day. Qigong is not just a physical exercise system or a healing technique; it is a way of maintaining optimal health and well-being through integrating its practice into an individual's lifestyle. It gives an individual a practical way to take more responsibility for their own personal health care through self-care.

Beyond its medical capabilities for disease prevention and chronic illness, Qigong can be used as a spiritual practice. It has a long history of cross-fertilization with the fascinating Chinese philosophy of Taoism. This heritage is responsible for Tai Chi, Kung Fu, Zen Buddhism, and the modern Chinese blend of Taoism and Buddhism. The beauty of pursuing spirituality through Qigong is that you get the medical benefits for free as part of the practice. A good place to start with spiritual Qigong (which can deepen anyone’s spiritual awareness, regardless of their religion) is getting a good solid grounding in Qigong by reading: Cohen, Ken. The Way of Qigong. Cohen's book and others on Qigong and Tai Chi may be found on the Qigong Institute STORE page.

Is it "Qigong" or "Qi Gong"?

Qigong is more common, but both are used. The 2005 National Expert Meeting on Qi Gong and Tai Chi used Qi Gong. The Oscher Center for Integrative Medicine at Harvard Medical School held the first Science of Tai-Chi and Qigong as Whole Person Health conference in 2023 and used Qigong. An informal survey of the Qigong Institute Teacher Directory in 2019 had 212 entries for Qi Gong and 1488 for Qigong. In 2023 Pubmed had 134 entries for Qi Gong and 1090 for Qigong. Bruce Frantzis is the first westerner ever to hold Taoist lineages in Qigong, various Tai Chi styles, Hsing-i, and Baguazhang. He uses Qigong. In at least one of his early books he used "chi gung", but his website now uses Qigong.  In addition, internationally known teachers such as Ken Cohen, Paul Lam, Roger Jahnke, Francesco Garripoli (to name just a few), and the Chinese government all use Qigong.

What is the Mission of the Qigong Institute?

The Qigong Institute is a 501c(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to promoting the scientific understanding of the basis of Qigong through research and education. Since 1988 it has been a clearinghouse for related news and scientific facts to aid researchers, writers, Qigong practitioners and teachers, members of the Western medical community, and the members of the general public who are interested in learning more about Qigong and Tai Chi. It's goals are promoting a scientific understanding of Qigong via education, research, and clinical studies; improving healthcare by integrating Qigong into Western medicine, and making information on Qigong available to medical practitioners, scientists, the public, and policy makers

The Institute's website contains scientific reports published in peer review journals by it's members. The Institute developed and maintains the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ which contains abstracts in English of scientific studies of Qigong, Tai Chi, and Energy Medicine; provides an opportunity for graduate students to publish their findings in Qigong research. The educational component of the Qigong Institute includes the website: a Directory of Qigong Teachers and Therapists, copies of scientific studies by Qigong Institute staff, the Qigong Institute STORE with literature and media suggestions, and reports of current events and What's New on Qigong. The QI website also has a Related Links page which serves as a gateway to worldwide Qigong resources.

The Qigong Institute also takes part in meetings and conferences to support efforts to help integrate Qigong and Tai Chi into chronic illness management and preventative healthcare programs, especially for the elderly. These efforts include participation with the Coalition for Living Well After 50, the American College of Sports Medicine, the Active Aging Partnership, the National Council on the Aging, Oregon Research Institute, UC Irvine, the National Institutes of Health, the Institute of Integral Qigong and Tai Chi, and World Tai Chi and Qigong Day, the Department of Kinesiology at the University of Illinois, and others.

I have recently become aware of Qigong and Taiji and feel that this practice is just what I need now. I would like to learn about the different styles and what would be best for me. I am seeking mind, body, spirit connection as well as physical healing, deep inner peace, finding Qi and using it, increased strength and abilities, and deep, deep relaxation. Do you have any recommendations for me?

If possible, find a competent Qigong instructor with whom you can discuss your objectives. For some possibilities, please visit the Teachers' Registry of the Qigong Institutethe National Qigong AssociationWorld Tai Chi and Qigong Day, and the Institute of Integral Qigong and Tai Chi.

Read books on the subject: authors whom you might want to search for including Kenneth Cohen, Francesco Garripoli, and Roger Jahnke. These authors (as well as the instructors in the Qigong Institute Teacher Directory) also have Qigong videos, DVDs, and books available and they hold seminars, retreats, and online/virtual classes. Attend Qigong conferences. The NQA (National Qigong Association) sponsors such conferences, as does the East West Academy of Healing Arts. Show me some Qigong videos and DVDs.

What is the difference between Qigong, Tai Chi, and Kung Fu?

Qigong forms the basis of all Chinese martial arts, including Wushu (historically known as Kung Fu) and Tai Chi. By integrating Qigong principles, energy cultivation, and mind-body training, practitioners of martial arts can enhance their physical abilities, optimize their martial performance, and cultivate internal power. Qigong promotes relaxation, mental clarity, and improved focus, allowing practitioners to refine their techniques, increase endurance, physical strength and agility, and achieve a harmonious integration of mind, body, and spirit in their martial arts practice.

Tai Chi (also spelled/referred to as Taiji, Taijiquan, and Tai Chi Chuan) and Kung Fu (also called Gong Fu, and more recently Wushu) are martial arts forms of Qigong. Tai Chi is a soft, or internal martial art whereas is Kung Fu considered a hard, or external, martial art form of Qigong. Qigong provides the foundational power, strength, focus, discipline, etc. for all of these martial arts practices (regardless of whether they are "hard" or "soft") through manipulation and balancing of the body's energy. Tai Chi started as a health practice and was so effective in developing internal power that it was adapted by some into the martial art Tai Chi Chuan. Now Tai Chi is once again becoming primarily a way for people, especially older adults, to take responsibility for their own health care and wellness. 

Also see Introduction to Tai Chi for more information on Tai Chi, the health benefits of Tai Chi, and additional differences between Qigong and Tai Chi.

Perhaps a more philosophical way to characterize the key differences between martial art Qigong and Qigong for health and spirituality comes from Roger Jahnke, OMD:

When you cultivate balance and harmony within yourself, or in 
the world -- that is Tai Chi. When you work and play with the essence 
and energy of life, nature and the universe for healing, clarity and 
inner peace -- that is Qigong.

Also see Differences Between Tai Chi and Qigong

Dr. Roger Jahnke explains the origins and meaning of Tai Chi, Qigong, and Kung Fu.

What is the difference between Yoga and Qigong?

Unlike Qigong, most yoga (with the notable exception of Vinyasa Flow) involves very little, if any, movement. It is movement, and not just diaphragmatic breathing, that normally increases the amount of oxygen to the tissues. No amount of deep breathing will produce more oxygen to the system when the blood is already oxygen saturated. Movement is required. Movement is also key to balance and excellent health. 

Yoga is based on asanas, which are essentially static poses held for varying periods of time. Although the founder of yoga (Patanjali) describes a progression from asanas to pranayama (breath practice), breathing isn't built-in to a lot of yoga classes or instruction, or it isn't taught until some skill with asanas is achieved. Another way of saying this is that breathing is incorporated into yoga practice at different times, depending upon the particular style of yoga and the teaching style of the yoga instructor. By following some styles, it can take years before breathing becomes part of the practice.

By contrast, diaphragmatic breathing is key to Qigong from the start. Furthermore, yoga is harder to do than Qigong, especially for older adults, and yoga does not have practices that involve energy transmission. On the other hand, both can ultimately lead to similar higher levels of spiritual awareness. In terms of public perception, Qigong is where yoga was fifty years ago. Also see Qigong and Yoga

What is Spiritual Qigong?

Qigong can be considered a spiritual practice due to its emphasis on connecting the mind, body, and spirit. It encourages self-reflection, self-inquiry, and inner exploration through cultivating mindfulness and awareness. By focusing on the present moment and the sensations within the body, practitioners deepen their connection with their inner selves. Through consistent practice, practitioners may experience profound insights, increased self-awareness, and a deeper understanding of themselves and their place in the world. This process of self-realization is often characterized as a spiritual journey of self-discovery and transformation.

In the Daoist tradition, a healthy body and longevity -- the goal of most Qigong and Daoist healing arts -- is regarded as the foundation for spiritual realization. The message is a simple one: the longer one lives in health and well-being, the greater the potential for realization. There is no obvious parallel in the Buddhist or Hindu traditions, which, with a few exceptions, view the body as an impediment to spiritual realization.

'Qigong as a Portal to Presence: Cultivating the Inner Energy BodyGunther Weil, Ph.D.

Also see Spiritual Qigong

Is a more complex type of Qigong better than a simple one?

The simple answer is no. We'll say over and over that there are many different styles of Qigong. There is no single best way to do Qigong. Some people like a single motion or stance as their entire practice. Others may want to do a type of Qigong for a particular ailment, condition, or for prevention of illness, and the complexity of the practice may vary accordingly. One of the most popular types of Qigong, especially for martial arts, is zhan zhuang ("jan jong"). This is also known as "stake standing". The practitioner stands motionless in a particular posture to develop internal strength. Others like a variety of Qigong forms, with different amounts of movement. Some even like Qigong forms (such as Wild Goose, or Dayan) that are similar to Tai Chi forms in that they are long forms with many individual movements that may take from a few minutes to forty-five minutes to complete once.

Ultimately, find a form or type of Qigong that you like. If you eventually get tired of it, try a different type of Qigong. If you are very fortunate, you can find a good teacher in your area that can help you with your practice and show you new forms and how to more effectively do the Qigong that you have chosen. Also note that there some Qigong masters who argue that your body knows best -- so just do any general Qigong practice with proper intent and your body will do the right thing. 

How can I find a teacher in my area? How do I know how good a teacher is?

Start with the Teacher Directory on the Qigong Institute website. If you don't find what you want there, try the Teacher Directories on one of the following sites: the National Qigong Association, and the Institute of Integral Qigong and Tai Chi. If you don't find anyone, then try googling.

Be wary of teachers who want more money to show you each new level of Qigong, teachers whose Qigong practice consists trying to impress you through seemingly incredible physical feats, and those who claim that you are getting the benefits of Qigong from them, and not directly from your practice. Beyond that, some evaluation will be required on your part. You have to see whether you like the teacher's teaching style or resonate with their type of Qigong or Tai Chi. There's no problem with trying a number of teachers. Each of us is different, so a teacher who would appeal to one student might not appeal to another. There's a lot of subjectivity/personal preference involved in the selection.

Perhaps the best advice, especially when you are starting out, is try to get references from people you know and whose opinions you trust, and/or just try a bunch of different teachers. Eventually you'll find what you are seeking. Try taking a few seminars from the teachers you can find in the Teacher Directory. This is an excellent way to get acquainted with quality Qigong practice. More considerations on teachers can be found in Qigong Teachers - Masters or Chinese Knock-offs? Finding a Qualified Qigong Instructor.

Since there are so many types of Qigong to choose from, how will I know which one is right for me?

Doing Qigong is a way to strongly support your own fundamental health and invest in your future health, healing, and happiness. It is important, however, that you understand there is a bit of a 'period of exploration and discovery' involved. One often needs to be exposed to several different teachers and styles before one finds the most appropriate one for his/her particular needs. In addition, it is important to be clear about exactly what is your goal in practicing Qigong. Try to find a style or practice that helps you to meet that goal. Different practices have different effects. Make sure you are choosing a style that will support you toward your desired outcome. For example, some Qigong forms have the specific quality of developing specific sensory ability such as vision or olfactory. Others will focus on calming the nervous system and relieving anxiety. Yet others will develop one's stamina or mental acuity. Still others support immune function or digestive function, etc. Experiment, practice, and enjoy different types of Qigong as you create and refine your own Qigong practice. Ultimately, the Qigong practice that keeps you doing your practice is the one that is right, at least to start with. You may develop a base set of favorite Qigong forms and then add new forms and movements as you deepen your practice.

I would like to learn Qigong. How much does it cost to attend your classes?

The Qigong Institute does not teach classes. Current information about qigong conferences and special events is listed in What's New. You can also check for teachers and classes in your own area (see the Qigong Institute Teacher Directory).

Can I learn Taiji or Qigong just from books or videos?

There are many excellent books on Qigong. You can learn how to do a non-moving form of Qigong from a book. Although you can learn some motion-oriented Qigong practices from books, it is best to study a video or DVD. If you already know Taiji or Qigong, then it is much easier to pick up a new Taiji or Qigong form from a video/DVD because you understand the basics of energy cultivation. Still, some subtleties of particular forms will elude you, and they really require some sessions with a master. It's the old 80-20 rule: You can get eighty percent of the form from the video/DVD, but the rest you really need to get from the master/teacher. However, the 80-20 rule doesn't hold as well for someone with no experience. Also, only remarkable individuals or those who have had lots of previous Taiji experience will be able to truly master a Tai Chi form from a video.

Don't let any cautions stop you: You can always learn enough from a video or DVD (show me some Qigong DVDs) to benefit your health and spirit. However, there are many layers and subtleties to many forms of Qigong and Tai Chi. Understanding how energy flows and how to kinesthetically make that happen often requires time spent with a Master or teacher. Tai Chi or Qigong forms (as opposed to individual movements that are repeated some number of times) are best learned from an expert (e.g. a master or a teacher). You can also check out Qigong and Energy Medicine Books and Qigong Study Materials.

When is the best time to practice? How often should I practice?

Traditionally, most people do it in the morning. This is when the Qi is "best", the complexities in your daily life have not started to happen yet, and air pollution is normally at a low point for the day. Practices may last a few minutes, ten minutes, or an hour. Practice when it feels right to you and for as long as it feels right (although more than an hour at any one time is considered a lot). This answer is ambiguous and subjective. But that's the nature of doing the practice. Some times will feel better than others, and you should feel free to practice whenever you want. There may be some suggested guidelines depending upon the type of Qigong form that you are doing. Ultimately, it is best to incorporate Qigong practice into your life and do it all time. To do this, just Stop, Breathe, Relax.

You can see that there are many different recommendations on when to practice and how to practice. Don't practice because you feel you have to practice. If you do, Qigong will become something that you feel compelled to do, just like any other exercise, and not something that you are. Millions do it in China, and practically all of them do it in the morning. This is the traditional time to do it. It may have as much to do with convenience as anything else.

Is it OK to mix different Qigong systems? Is it true that people should find one type of Qigong they enjoy doing, and NOT mix it with another form of Qigong?

It's fun to do different stuff -- this is a good way to prevent practices from becoming boring. Eventually you might want to specialize in a particular Qigong or you will potentially settle in upon a certain set of practices. These may change over time as you become more experienced with Qigong. You can also practice different Qigong forms at different times of the day. For example, you may do your Tai Chi in the morning and Qigong in the early evening before dinner.

Is the Kong Jing or Empty force no contact pushing for real?

We'd have to see this and experience it for ourselves to believe that it is possible. Many such claims by presumed "Qigong Masters" turn out to be stage tricks done on a gullible population. It usually involves a subject who is in on the trick. This is especially true in instances where you see a master is pushing his own students.

What is the best Qigong for my specific illness?

The Qigong Institute does not offer medical advice. That being said, there are several opinions in the Qigong community about Qigong practiced for specific medical issues. One viewpoint is that there are specific Qigong exercises for specific issues. These "prescriptions" are given out by Oriental Medical Doctors (OMD), Doctors of Oriental Medicine (DOM), Medical Qigong Therapists, Masters of Medical Qigong, etc. They usually include a particular set of Qigong practices done for specific amounts of time. If problems are chronic or severe (or another opinion is desired), it is best to seek advice from one of these qualified Medical Qigong specialists.

On the other hand, there are many who argue that all Qigong can be considered “medical” by definition and that if you practice the fundamentals of Qigong regardless of the particular form or type, you get the medical/health benefit -- just do your Qigong practice and let your body do its natural healing thing (i.e. you activate the "healer within") because it's smarter than you are and knows what it needs. You help facilitate your body's innate healing mechanisms through ongoing Qigong practice over time (the "gong" part of Qigong – also called “cultivation”).  What’s required is developing a regular practice. It becomes part of your lifestyle.

Since 2010 the American College of Sports Medicine has been recommending that physicians prescribe Qigong and Tai Chi as exercise for cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness. This means that just practicing any type of Qigong using the Three Intentful Corrections:

can be considered “aerobics” for your basic body function. This also serves to help the body heal. Qigong practiced this way is considered a form of “Meditative Movement”:

Then there are the profound mental benefits (“mind-body” benefits) of Qigong practice, such as improved interoception and stress reduction. Stress alone is indicated most illness, especially chronic. The health benefits that accrue from the ability to reduce stress in the moment and longer-term cannot be over-emphasized. Qigong belongs to a new category of exercise called Meditative Movement whose practice includes biological, social, and psychological aspects of health. As a scientifically proven biopsychosocial practice with therapeutic benefits, Qigong addresses shortcomings of the standard western biomedical model of health care that have been identified by the U.S. Veterans Health Administration and National Center for Complementary and Integrative Medicine (NCCIH) whole person health initiatives.

Information on specific health conditions can be searched for in the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™

Since the turn of the century there has been some amazing new research on the benefits of combining movement (exercise), breathing, and meditation. If you find yourself interested in understanding Qigong as a “mind-body” practice that combines these fundamental components, the Qigong Institute just published a new eBook PDF: An Introduction to Qigong Health Care which summarizes the results from over 120 research papers. You can read a preview here

The Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ includes articles on Qigong for particular medical conditions

So, bottom line, one can see a medical Qigong specialist for a consultation. At the same time, the health benefits of practicing Qigong to prolong one’s healthspan (as opposed to lifespan) are such that it should be promoted to everyone as an essential life skill. 

Can Qigong help me with obesity or losing weight?

Any practice that involves controlling appetite through mind control or physical practices has the potential to help with weight loss. This article addresses the issue of Qigong and weight-loss

As this 2022 article indicates, no trials have been run with Qigong specifically for weight loss. However, mind-body practices such as Qigong and Tai Chi have been shown to provide many benefits listed in the article which are related to weight-loss. But there's this more recent 2023 article which states that traditional Chinese exercise (i.e. Qigong and/or Tai Chi) is in fact an "effective treatment for obesity"

Note that in this article they lump/combine a number of different trials in drawing a conclusion. This means that many different styles/forms of traditional Chinese exercise (Qigong and Tai Chi) are considered equivalent. This indicates that practicing the fundamentals of any Qigong or Tai Chi form/style (actually, it's all Qigong) can have an effect upon weight-loss. There are many sources discussing fundamental Qigong and Tai Chi practices, including the QI website. There are also articles in the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ that discuss frequency of practice, but the most benefit comes from going into this with the idea that the practice becomes part of one's lifestyle.

Where can I go to get certified as a medical Qigong doctor?

Check on the web. There are numerous programs in the US and many more in China. Some examples are the Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, the International Institute of Medical Qigong, the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine, and the University of East-West Medicine. For more information see Integrative Medicine and Medical Qigong Therapy.

How do I know when to believe over-the-top hype claims of a Qigong master?

The main thing to watch out for is people who charge more money for revealing each new Qigong practice. Worse is those who claim that any benefit you derive from your practice comes from them. It doesn't. The benefit of Qigong practice comes from you. Since Qigong Masters are not licensed in the USA, it's a little bit difficult to know whether they are in fact medically competent. Note that people cannot practice medicine without a license, yet the constitution of the US says that people can speak their minds (and teach whatever they want, as long as they aren't "practicing medicine without a license"). Also, the problems with Western medicine are huge (see Qigong - Energy Medicine for the New Millennium, available on the QI website's Scientific Papers page), and more and more people are turning to CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine) for solutions for their health problems.

There are many grades of certification and expertise of practitioners of alternative (to standard western) medicine. An OMD (Oriental Medical Doctor) or Medical Qigong Therapist should be able to produce documentation of their certification as trained medical practitioners. They are certified to give medical advice and treatments in a clinical setting. Qigong/Tai Chi teachers can also be certified to teach Qigong and Tai Chi. There are two main ways this will occur. One is where you get a certification based on a number of hours of study, like 200. This is the common requirement for yoga instructors, for instance. For an example of how to obtain Qigong and Tai Chi Teacher certification see the Institute of Integral Qigong and Tai Chi. People also get certification from a lineage holder in a Tai Chi or Qigong form who certifies that the teacher is qualified. Beyond that, you have people who teach Qigong classes and are "Qigong Masters" who may or may not have any of the above qualifications/certifications. Some judgment on your part may be required as to their real expertise. Find a teacher/master you can learn from and who gets you excited about your practice. That is always a good way to start. Also, realize that some of the best teachers of what you are interested in learning are not "masters" and do not call themselves masters.

What is Clinical Qigong

Clinical qigong utilizes qigong practices for therapy and treatment, promoting health, and supporting the well-being of individuals within a clinical context.  It may involve providing assessment, diagnosis, treatment planning, and ongoing care and therapy, often aligned with conventional medical treatments, to enhance outcomes. Clinical qigong encourages patient empowerment through self-care and adoption of practices that may be prescribed or recommended by medical professionals or learned through patient participation in qigong practice sessions or classes taught by non-medical professionals to treat illness and chronic conditions, provide palliative care, or serve as a wellness practice supporting individuals within a clinical context.

Can people send me Qi or heal me from a distance?

Some Qigong masters claim this skill. Some people claim to have been healed this way. There are many reports of remote intention (such as prayer) helping people. There is also much evidence of people being helped simply by knowing that others are sending their thoughts, love, and energy. This is part of the placebo effect, which is quite real and is becoming a subfield of study in neuroscience. A popular press article can be found in Parade magazine: Why Prayer Could Be Good Medicine, Diane Hales, March 23, 2003: 4:5. For more scientific information on placebos, start with "Pain and the Placebo - what we have learned", Hoffman, Harrington, and Fields, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, volume 48, no 2 (spring 2005): 248-65. John Hopkins University Press. Also see the Placebo page on the QIgong Institute website.

Also, an entirely new field of medicine has been created in the last twenty five years to address the relationship between thoughts, emotions, and health: psychoneuroimmunolgy. This field studies the n-way interrelationship between the nervous system, immune system, and psychological states. A fascinating background book (and a great read, especially for non-scientists) on this topic is

Pert, C. The Molecules of Emotions. Why You Feel the Way You Feel. Scribner. New York. 1997.

Even more recently, psychoneuroimmunology has been expanded to include endocrinology and it goes by the name psychoneuroimmunoendocrinology.

As far as how remote intention would work if someone doesn't know that they are being thought of or prayed for, this is currently being researched mainly in the realm of physics, and such topics as particle entanglement, quantum field theory, subtle energy, and stochastic electrodynamics.

That there is Qi (or vital energy) and a person's Qi can be affected by someone else is not a question. We've had too many first-hand experiences to feel or believe otherwise. But the Qi is either circulated or transmitted from very short distances, on the order of inches or less. To find out what science has to say about Qi, see The Scientific Basis of Qigong and Energy Medicine.

How important is it to properly close before ending a Qigong practice?

Openings and closings done to honor the practice are not essential to the practice, but they are nice to do. Closing by smoothing your energy or storing energy is part of many forms of Qigong. It really depends upon the particular form. Try different practices and let your own body guide you in developing your own routine. Also, a nice way to end any Qigong session is with a short self-massage.

Can Qigong cause side effects?

In general, absolutely not. Side effects would be an exception for a very small minority of people. Some people claim that Energy Medicine practices like Qigong can cause side effects. We've had an OMD (Oriental Medical Doctor) tell us that the only people who could possibly experience this would be people who already had psychological disorders before practicing Qigong. And even with these people the chance of a problem is incredibly remote. Others point out that there are some more advanced practices that can potentially lead to problems, such as obscure male sexual abstinence practices.

For more information on the side effects issue, there is an excellent section on it in A Criticism of Qigong with Pseudoscience Method available on the QI website in the Scientific Papers section.

If you have any questions or concerns at all about this, seek qualified medical advice. There are psychologists trained in Qigong, for example, Dr. Michael Mayer.


Can machines give me Qi or enhance my Qi?

A person's Qi is normally affected by practicing Qigong. However, a few companies have created Qi machines to mimic at least the acoustic portion of Qigong energy, and they are being used extensively for medical therapy. These machines are for real, they were developed based on original research done in China, and they can provide help to some people. Qigong machines are best found via the web (google "qi machine" for more information). Thousands have been sold, and many people have found them useful. Note: not all "Qi machines" are created equal. If you really want one, do your homework on who produced it and know whose technology it's based on.

How many different kinds of Qigong are there?

There are thousands -- maybe tens of thousands.

Are there any ways to help concentration or focus?

Any Qigong practice done sincerely should help with both concentration and focus.

Should I practice Qigong when I am running a fever or really sick?

The simple answer is no, and we aren't qualified to give general advice for particular medical problems. Check with a qualified Medical Qigong Therapist or Medical Doctor.

What does the flow of Qi feel like?

It feels different for different people. Some report tingling, puffiness or swelling (as in the hands), hot flushes, or heat. Others may feel like there is invisible force acting on them (especially when the palms are held facing each other in the form of an imaginary ball). However, many people, even those who have been practicing for years, may feel nothing. This is perfectly ok. They can still be getting the benefits of Qigong but just not feel it. If people do not "feel the Qi" and start worrying about not feeling it, they separate themselves from the practice, and this is to be avoided. That being said, there will be some cases where there are actual blockages that have to be removed by practice or with the help of a master or therapist before someone can feel the Qi. These blockages are often associated with conditions such as injuries or pain or musculoskeletal misalignments.

Does the Master's energy really have an affect on me?

Having had a lot of first-hand experience, we'd have to say the answer is yes, you can definitely feel the effects of someone "transmitting energy to you" or "working with you energetically". One of the common feelings that arises is that of increased warmth. The mechanism for how this works is still being debated and researched, but the fact that something is happening energetically, can be perceived by the senses, and can be measured scientifically is not. Just a few of the questions associated with this are: Where does the energy come from? What exactly is the energy? Is the Master opening blocked energy pathways in the patient or is energy being transmitted? Is the Master inducing energy flow in the patient? Is the energy coming from the Master, or is the Master merely channelling energy from the environment through the patient? Note that you don't have to be a "Master" to have the experience of being able to induce Qi flow. You can learn some basic techniques in a relatively short period of time.

Where can I find scientific information about Qi and Qigong? Is Qi electromagnetic or does Qi have frequency or wavelength? What is Qi and can it be measured or seen?

Glad you asked. The Chinese love to discuss the question: What is Qi? Frankly, no one knows what Qi is because it cannot yet be measured by any medical science or explained via physics. However, there is a lot of science behind Qigong -- more so than any other form of Energy Medicine (some other examples are yoga, pranic healing, therapeutic touch, reiki), although there is also a lot of recent research becoming available on the effectiveness of acupuncture. As of March 2018 the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ contained over 13,000 references to articles and research studies on Energy Medicine, of which Qigong is the major part. A good survey article (be sure to check out the References section) can be found on the Qigong Institute website Scientific Papers page: Qigong – Energy Medicine for the New Millennium. A great book to start with is Energy Medicine: The Scientific Basis ( Oschman, James L.). Elsevier Science Limited. China. 2003.

One of many organizations dedicated to Energy Medicine research is the International Alliance for Mind-Body Signaling and Energy Research. Members include UC Irvine, UC San Diego, and UCLA in the US and Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Kunming Medical College, and others, in China. The US Government's National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) sponsors research as well. There are many, many other organizations and individuals. The research runs the spectrum from bioenergetics to quantum physics to neuroscience and more. The Samueli institute as well as the NCCIH also research Energy Medicine. To date, acupuncture has received the most research attention. Also see The Scientific Basis of Qigong and Energy Medicine.

To which public health problems can Qigong make important contributions and have the biggest impact?

Qigong is not just a simple therapy for some diseases, but a complete recovery health system that can treat multiple chronic conditions at the same time. It is the most cost-effective healthcare method among alternative therapies. Self-initiated Qigong has unique value because it enables practitioners to take responsibility for their own health. Research on the clinical applications of Qigong surpasses any other Energy Medicine therapy.

On-going studies of Qigong address some of society's main concerns, including improving:

1. Health and longevity (e.g., stress, high blood pressure)
2. Performance of students in schools
3. Outcomes in hospital and clinical settings
4. Productivity in office environments
5. Outcome for prisoners
6. Multiple chronic conditions (hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, lower back pain, degenerated disk disease, etc.)
7. Addiction treatment outcomes 
8. Complementary therapy in cancer treatment without side effects
9. Anti-aging (e.g. slowing cognitive dysfunction)

According to the Department of Health and Human Services, seventy percent of disease is preventable yet most people don't know how to do this. In fact, the DHHS report lists a number of recommendations, such as elimination of smoking, regular exercise, and proper diet. These can certainly help, however, the largest impact upon the delivery of health care in this century can be made by the adoption of Qigong's self-initiated health maintenance practices. Tens of millions of people practice Qigong every day in China. A large portion of the research done on Qigong has involved Tai Chi, the most popular and well-known moving form of Qigong. Besides aiding prevention of disease, Qigong and Tai Chi have been proven to be effective with chronic conditions and rehabilitation, stress reduction, increasing immunity, reducing muscular system tension, lowering blood pressure, easing arthritis, improving balance and flexibility, improving mental well-being, improving cardio-respiratory and musculo-skeletal function, reducing the risk of falls in seniors, and building strength.

In addition, large strides have been made researching and proving the benefits of the most well known form of Energy Medicine, acupuncture, yet most acupuncture research is done on particular illnesses or to provide targeted treatments. In order to have the greatest impact, people must be able to carry out their own self-initiated health care. Having research that proves the effectiveness of energy-based therapies would provide enormous health benefits.

Do you have video tapes/DVDs?

There are a number of good DVDs available for Qigong, especially for beginners. We suggest you start with those that are offered by the teachers and masters listed in the Qigong Institute's Teacher Directory. A few of the DVDs that can be found this way are all of the DVDs by Francesco Garripoli (see and Qigong Chi Kung - Awakening and Mastering the Medicine Within by Roger Jahnke (see Beginners' videos/DVDs often only involve only upper body movement. Or if the feet are involved, they are basically stationary with the exception of a little vertical motion. After you are comfortable with the most basic types of Qigong, try some Qigong/Tai Chi practices that involve moving the whole body. A good place to start would be first video/DVD in the sequence of Paul Lam's excellent Tai Chi for Arthritis series.

I hurt my back a few years ago and am the primary care giver for a child who cannot take care of himself. I don't drink alcohol or smoke. My doctor suggests that I'm stressed and could use some relaxation techniques.

See previous answer. Also, understand that Qigong is something that you can be doing throughout your day to get the most benefit. How do you do this? It's as simple as making three adjustments: adjust your posture, adjust your breath, and adjust your mind. A good time to do this is when you would otherwise be wasting time or becoming stressed through anticipation, such as waiting at a traffic light, standing in line, or worrying. You can be doing Qigong all the time. It then becomes an integrated part of your life instead of a "practice" that you have to set aside time to "do." The minutes that you remember to do this during the day add up. Also, you can carry through the calm achieved during your regular practice to the other parts of your day.

Adjusting your posture involves a few easy steps: pretend that your head is suspended by a string, like a marionette, so that your spine is straight; tilt your pelvic bowl slightly forward so that the "fruit" (your internal organs) does not spill out; pull your shoulders slightly back and down; feet are shoulder-width apart; eyes looking forward; and the chin is slightly tucked. In this posture, you could draw a straight line from the middle of the top of your head, down through your perineum to the balls of your feet. Another way to approximate this pose is stand upright with your back straight against a wall, doing all the posture adjustments described earlier. Then slowly move out from the wall without changing your vertical alignment, until your back is no longer in contact with the wall. Then do a standing meditation or some other Qigong form. This will give you a kinesthetic grounding that you can use to adjust your posture during the day when you aren't doing Qigong.

The posture adjustment is the easiest adjustment to do and remember. It can provide an enormous benefit when your body energy is allowed to flow unobstructed by, for example, slumped shoulders or a sunken chest.

Slow, deep relaxed breathing, where your abdomen fills up first and then your chest when you inhale, constitutes adjusting your breathing. Try to remember to do this type of breathing whenever you can. You may figure out ways to remind yourself to do this, like at every stop sign, when you do the dishes, watch TV, etc.

There are many different names and phrases for "adjusting your mind", such as stress reduction breathing, meditation, mindfulness meditation, clearing your mind by eliminating thoughts, etc. The three adjustments get you into the Qigong state where relaxation and healing occur. Note that your brain and nervous system are engaged during dreaming, since the brain doesn't know the difference between what it experiences in real-time and imagines. It may well be that the only true relaxation time that many people can get is during meditation when the nervous system is in the parasympathetic, relaxation, and regeneration state.

Is Qigong anything like Chi Lel?

There are numerous forms of Qigong; Chi Lel is one of them. It is a very good Qigong practice, and many people love it. However, it is a little more advanced (i.e. it’s a bit harder to learn) than many other types of Qigong and it is more energetic to practice. Unless you have someone locally to teach you, it would be best to start with an easier type of Qigong.

I would like to ask you to put up a link to our Qigong website, which is full of scientific explanation for the mechanisms of Qigong Healing. Our Qigong Master has decades of training and has worked in numerous Chinese Hospitals using Qigong medically. We also host Qigong workshops in a number of states.

We suggest that your Master consider applying for a listing on our Qigong Directory of Teachers/therapists listing. A free listing includes name, address, phone & Email, and principle activity. Many people prefer the Personal Access Page (PAP) in which you can include details of your practice as well as well as a link to your website; the PAP requires that the individual become a member of the Qigong Institute for a $40 annual fee.

I am taking time off from my college to learn from many Qigong videos while reading about these healing arts, as well. I was wondering if you/someone could make any suggestions as to who/what/where to study.

See previous answers concerning teachers, DVDs, and research information that is available. Also, we would highly recommend that you take some seminars from teachers listed in the Teachers Directory. This is the quickest way to get up to speed on Qigong and help you figure out where to go next in your studies.

What is reverse breathing?

The main forms of breathing are natural, abdominal, and reverse abdominal. Natural is the every-day breathing that most of us do, which normally involves filling the chest with air first and then some of the abdomen. Full abdominal breathing is used with Qigong. On inhale, your abdomen fully expands first, then your chest. Babies breathe this way, so we all knew how to do it the right way at one point in our lives. Reverse abdominal breathing is a more advanced form of breathing where your abdomen contracts on inhale. This form of breathing is not recommended without the guidance of a Qigong teacher or master. For more information on breathing, see the Empty Vessel Interview on Breathing with Dennis Lewis.

I have become very interested in Qigong and its effects on reducing chronic pain and stress, particularly in low back pain in comparison to traditional exercise therapy interventions. I would like to propose a study into its effect including a literature review and methodology. Do you have any suggestions on how I can proceed?

Your question is pretty general. It's kind of like trying to figure out which type of car to buy. There are a lot of choices out there, depending upon your criteria. In your case, you are asking about a specific medical condition, musculoskeletal pain. Qigong doctors and therapists usually use pretty specific solutions tailored to a patient's condition(s). Thus, the Qigong professional would say that it is hard to generalize. This is especially true if you need an exercise for pain in the shoulder vs. pain in the leg vs. pain in the elbow, for instance. That being said, Qigong is inherently a medical practice, such that many Qigong practices are able to benefit many conditions. In fact, people often start doing Qigong to cure one problem, and they surprisingly end up curing another in addition to what they were originally trying to help.

As part of your research, you should definitely check out the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ . You should be able to pick up some good material. It might also overlap with what you can get from Medline. Beyond that, you should try to find a good alternative bookstore and see what kinds of books they might have on Qigong. It won't be easy to find material that you'll be able to use. However, one book will be exactly what you need for a good foundational understanding of medical Qigong practices that can be used by a broad range of people for a broad range of conditions. The book includes general Qigong exercises as well as some reports by people on which Qigong practices they used for particular problems. It's an excellent resource for you: The Healer Within by Roger Jahnke. You might also want to look at his book The Healing Promise of Qi, but definitely start with The Healer Within. Both books are available through the Qigong Store.

Some libraries also have good online resources. Also, universities are starting to integrate Qigong and Tai Chi directly into their curriculums. One example is the Department of Kinesiology at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Also, look at the References section of the paper Qigong - Energy Medicine for the next Millenium on the QI's Scientific papers page. These will give you an idea of the fields of research that are involved with Qigong. It ranges from kinesiology to neuroscience to molecular biology to psychology, and more. There are more references that might be of interest on Also, look at the QI's Related Links page.

I am interested in material that can be used in the promotion of Qigong as a means to better health and fitness, especially for elderly people, and to people with chronic health conditions, such as MS and ME.

This answer is really for any illness or condition, not just MS or ME. Look at the research papers that are posted or referenced on the Qigong Institute web site. The papers themselves as well as the bibliographies have a wealth of information. Some excellent papers, all authored by Ken Sancier (founder and CEO of the QI), are "Medical Applications of Qigong", "Therapeutic Benefits of Qigong Exercises in Combination with Drugs", and "Anti-Aging Benefits of Qigong". Another example – if you look at the paper "Qigong - Energy Medicine for the New Millennium" (written by Qigong Institute Vice President Tom Rogers and available on the QI website on the Scientific Papers page) you'll see the following references for the benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi for aging:

Li, J X; Y Hong; K M Chan. Tai chi: physiological characteristics and beneficial effects on health. British Journal of Sports Medicine, June 2001 v35 i3 p148.

Gallagher, Bill. Tai Chi Chuan and Qigong: physical and mental practice for functional mobility. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, July-Sept 2003 v19 i3 p172(11).

You should also be able to get these references through the online Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ . In addition, you may be able to search your local library databases online and get many very useful references, including the above. We’d also recommend a couple of books to start with, The Healer Within by Roger Jahnke, and The Way of Qigong by Ken Cohen. Jahnke’s website is also a good place to visit (, as are other sites referenced on the Qigong Institute website. and both have a number of references and articles on the benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi for a variety of diseases and conditions.

Is there any research that indicates the benefits of Qigong in the treatment of Meniere's Syndrome?

Although the practice of Qigong has helped some people with some of the symptoms of this disease, we know of no random clinical trials definitely proving that there is any correlation between the alleviation of symptoms and practicing Qigong. However, stress has a way of exacerbating problems, and working for a living doesn’t help either (but it’s unavoidable). So reduction of stress can probably help any condition.

There are several references for Meniere’s disease in the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™. The treatments are either Qigong or Qigong in combination with acupuncture. You can search the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ to get these references, and research any other diseases. A nominal fee is charged for abstracts, and all proceeds go to supporting Qigong Institute programs, like maintaining the online database and the QI website.

I live in London, England and am very interested in starting Qigong. I have chronic repetitive strain syndrome and I am very interested in training in Qigong to try to help improve the situation. So far, research on the Internet has proved fruitless, as most of the development seems to be in the USA. Do you have any information on Qigong teachers in the UK?

You might find the video Creating Flexibility by Bingkun Hu interesting. Any type of Qigong that involves a lot of flexibility practices may be good for chronic repetitive stress. See Dr Hu's website for more info.

There is a practice called "Iron Shirt" Qigong. You create an "iron shirt" by stretching your connective tissue, especially tendons, through its range of motion. Thus, you "put on" an iron shirt by doing these exercises since your connective tissue becomes greatly strengthened and more flexible (i.e. you have a greater comfortable range of motion). Roger Jahnke has some of these exercises on his wonderful DVD "Qigong Chi Kung - Awakening and Mastering the Medicine Within You". You can order this various ways, including from his website.

Another thing you might look into is Qigong Massage. It also goes by a more generic inclusive name Tui Na. Shaolin Tui Na massage is a well known form of Tui Na. Shiatsu is a more recent name for energy massage that may be more familiar, but it's basically a rediscovery of Qigong. Acupressure is also a very generic term for Qigong massage. You can find a version of Tui Na massage on one of Francesco Garripoli's DVDs.

One more thing, if you haven't read them already, The Way of Qigong by Cohen and The Healer Within by Jahnke are very good beginning Qigong texts. Cohen's book is broader and more inclusive while Jahnke's book focuses on Qigong practices that anyone can learn and start doing without requiring special instruction.

Qigong Master Michael Tse is located in England and has several centers. He was a student of Yang Mei-jun, the Wild Goose (Kunlun Mountain School) Qigong lineage holder who recently passed on at age 105. Michael also teaches and practices marital arts and Qigong healing. See Tse Qigong Centre.

A friend of ours and a person who has come on China Qigong Study Trips is named David Lees. He is an excellent Qigong teacher, and though a bit of a drive from London, a person well worth getting in touch with. He has a caring heart and much experience in Qigong and Traditional Chinese Medicine. You can write him at:

Lastly, check the Qigong Institute's Teacher Directory for teachers in your area.

What would you say to a doctor who is hesitant about a cancer patient wanting to try Qigong?

Many doctors are hesitant to try Qigong and other Complementary and Alternative Therapies. This is often due to cultural biases, as well as medical training that does not include exposure to these profound eastern healthcare therapies. Your question could apply to many other energy therapies besides Qigong. One of the best ways to educate western doctors and introduce them to eastern healing arts is DJ Benor's (a western trained MD) article "Energy Medicine for the Internist", PMID: 11795083. Beyond that, the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™ has thousands of references to articles on the medical benefits of Qigong. One excellent article that summarizes some of these benefits is K. Sancier's “Medical Applications of Qigong”, Alternative Therapies, Jan 1996. Vol 2. No 1. This is also available on the QI website on the Scientific Papers page. Another article to look at is “Qigong for Cancer: Self-Healing Practice”, by Daniel Ko, in the July 2005 Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients. Also consider contacting practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine at The Arizona Cancer Center.

Guo Lin's cancer recovery Qigong became so popular within China that it was adopted in hospitals and healthcare centers across the country. There are two important aspects to using Qigong for cancer: One is the Qigong practice itself and the benefit it can provide, and the other is the group aspect, or the benefit that group support provides. Both are intrinsic to achieving the benefits of Guo Lin’s cancer recovery Qigong, which has become so widely practiced that it is just called Guo Lin Qigong.

Personally, we believe that people have everything to gain and nothing to lose by doing Qigong. There are many documented successes in Qigong therapy for cancer, but no literature on any side effect of Qigong for cancer. As Qigong therapy may significantly reduce the side effect of chemotherapy by boosting up the immune system, the practice of Qigong would actually help the patient to complete the course of chemotherapy and recovery from the side effect of conventional therapy. Therefore, allowing a patient to try Qigong only stands to increase the effect of the doctor's conventional therapies, and benefit both patient and the doctor.

The doctor should learn more about the field of Energy Medicine and develop his understanding about the functions and correct applications of Qigong. The best way is for the doctor to try some Qigong. Beyond that, we understand that it is difficult to know what type of Qigong might be appropriate and how one should decide on a good Qigong teacher, Therapist, or OMD. It is best that the patient investigate several teachers and methods before deciding. The patient should have a feeling of confidence in the personal integrity of the teacher and in the method or style being taught. The technique should actually feel good to the patient. They should feel better after having practiced the Qigong form.

Are there any situations when Qigong would not be advised for a cancer patient?

The rare situation would be 1) when a patient has a metal implant in the key area or organ transplant that depends upon low immune function (since Qigong will build up immune system quickly, that may form some rejection from the body), or 2) people who have a history of psychotic disorder are not recommended to do deep meditation Qigong. If you have any question at all about your particular condition, consult qualified medical assistance.

Note that there are some Qigong forms that may not produce the desired results. It is also possible, like with anything, that a given form is not appropriate to an individual's temperament or current condition -- just as if someone is told to study some tennis or yoga, weightlifting, pilates, dance or even stretching. Each individual must find methods, techniques and teachers to suit their own, individual physical needs, style, and preferences. Otherwise, results will not be optimal. It is also possible that one can practice a Qigong style that is not appropriate to his condition. One must be clear with the teacher about one's needs and goals before deciding upon a Qigong form to study. A qualified Qigong professional should be able to prescribe a method that is helpful. One must then feel confident in the method and the teacher. If not, one should find more appropriate instruction.

What would you say to cancer patients who are thinking of learning Qigong?

Go for it! Qigong should have many benefits for cancer patients without any disadvantage. Please see the following review on Qigong therapy for cancer for more details:

Chen K, & Yeung R, 2002. "A review of qigong therapy for cancer treatment."  Journal of International Society of Life Information Science. 20 (2): 532-542.

Even in the US, hospitals are starting to incorporate Qigong into their cancer recovery programs. Arnold Tayam’s work at Stanford Medical Center is one example. Other Doctors of Oriental Medicine (OMDs) have written extensively on the use of Qigong as a cancer treatment. Jerry Alan Johnson is one such OMD. Also see The Arizona Cancer Center and Qigong for Cancer.

What do you have to say to those who have tried Qigong and have given up on it because they haven't seen any results?

Ask them whether it is enough to walk his/her dog one day or one week for the entire life of the dog. You just have to do it everyday to see the benefit. Also, ask what type of Qigong they had tried and for how long? Did they practice with consistency and sincerity, e.g. with dedication in their mind? Or did they practice with their mind wondering off into distant places or in constant doubt that their practice would not be helpful? Constant doubt can be lethal to any practice (see previous answer on placebos and psychoneuroimmunology). Did they enjoy the practice and feel comfortable with it? What results did they expect? The teacher/Master should make clear what one can expect from practice. If that goal is not reached after having performed the practice in the prescribed way and frequency, then it is clearly not the right practice for them. It may not be sufficient or complete enough. The teacher may also be lacking in sufficient skill or understanding. The proof should be in the pudding. One should feel better. If they do not, then first clarify that with the teacher. Ask if there are any adjustments that need to be made in the practice. Following that, if results are not clear, then use a different method that is designed to help meet one's specific goals.

Also, it's very difficult to know why someone did not have any results. There are many factors to consider, such as length of practice, type of practice, and whether they had a support group. Furthermore, people have to realize that nothing is a silver bullet with cancer. Chemotherapy isn't. Surgery isn't. Qigong isn't. In other words, people who practice Qigong still get cancer, and people who know Qigong well still get sick and die from cancer. If a cancer patient is not getting results using some type of Qigong, see another Qigong doctor and try a different Qigong regimen.

Do you have any personal anecdotes or stories about the success of Qigong with chronic illness?

See Chen K, Turner FD, 2004. "A case study of simultaneous recovery from multiple physical symptoms with medical qigong therapy." The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 10(1): 159-162. Also see Dr. Ted Cibik's account of his dealing with "incurable asthma".

Will alcohol consumption or anti-depressants, slow down the positive affects of Qigong?

The most effective way to practice Qigong, or do any type of exercise for that matter, is in an unimpaired state.

About two years ago, I found that I have energy in my hands that can heal disease. I tested it several times on my close family members and found healing power in my energy. The feeling of the effect of my energy transfer to others is different and depends on people and their condition. Conditions include heat, sleepy mood, and whether they are relaxed. Although sometimes some people don't feel the effect of energy, my energy is doing its healing process. For your info, I don't need to touch people and can heal different type of diseases, but the improving effect varies for different people and types of diseases. Now what I want is to find an official institute or university to test my energy so I can get a certificate in order to help people officially. I am sure I have this healing energy but I need to prove it.

What you are describing sounds very much like transmitting qi. There is a section in Roger Jahnke's book The Healing Promise of Qi that talks about this ability/phenomena. Just about anyone can learn to transmit qi, but some are fortunate enough to recognize that they have this gift and use it to help others (like you seem to be doing).

We're not aware of anyone testing people to provide a certification that a person can in fact transmit qi, although testing is sometimes done on research projects where the goal is to characterize or measure the qi being transmitted. Usually Qigong Therapists do transmission of qi during a healing session. The person doing the energy healing is most often a Qigong Master, an OMD (Oriental Medical Doctor), massage therapist, a Medical Qigong Therapist, or someone certified to do Reiki or Therapeutic Touch.

The qualifications for certification vary in different countries, so you'd have to research what would be required where you live. However, we'd suggest looking into being certified in Qigong Therapy or Therapeutic Touch to begin with. These are recognized fields in Energy healing, and they are probably the easier certifications to meet. Also, Therapeutic Touch is being recognized by the Western medical establishment, and is being used by nurses. There are many levels of Qigong Therapy certification, with successive levels requiring more study. The Internet is probably the best place to start your research (I think you already did by sending your question) into where certification programs are offered. You may have to travel and do a residence program (weeks/months) of some sort.

To be a little more specific on where you can go for certification, Dr. Jerry Johnson (China) went to Hai Dian University, Medical Qigong College of Beijing, in China and received training and certification after his healing abilities were tested. Arnold Tayam (OMD) was also certified at that hospital.

I'm interested in reading more about Qigong. Do you have any handouts or information packets or information on teachers?

See the bottom of the Qigong Institute home-page for a two-sided one-page hand-out on Qigong and the Qigong Institute. Also on the website you'll find research and reference material, as well as the online Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™. Be sure to check-out the Qigong for HealthTai Chi for Health, and Getting Started with Qigong pages. For information on teachers, see the Qigong Institute Teacher Directory.

Hopefully you can find interesting information on the QI website, or on some of the Related Links websites.

A company in (substitute any country name here) is interested in Qigong classes. How would I go about finding someone to give a Qigong seminar in my country?

See the Qigong Institute Teacher Directory and the related teacher directory links on that page. You may be able to find a good local teacher through one of them -- and they would speak your language! Another choice would be to contact one of the teachers on the Qigong Institute's Teacher Directory page (who may not be located in your country). They are all very well qualified and many of them give seminars internationally. Also, google "qigong country", "chi kung country", "tai chi country", and "taiji country" where "country" is the actual name of your country.

At the present time I'm studying to be a Massage Therapist and will be doing a Tuina (a form of Qigong massage) course as soon as I graduate. I'm also planning to study Qigong as I feel that if I'm working on balancing out my clients' Qi then I need to have some understanding of my own. I've read a lot of articles on what Qigong can do for people with health problems but what can it do for someone like myself who is in his twenties and is fairly healthy? Can Qigong help me with my strength workouts and flexibility training instead?

Qigong is going to help you physically and mentally in a number of ways, especially if you are active. In order to be active, you have to be healthy. In order to be healthy, do Qigong. Qigong is extremely effective for prevention of illness and maintaining wellness -- so that you don't have to take advantage of it's proven therapeutic value for the treatment of diseases, especially chronic ones.

Realize that Qigong is not something you just go and do like an exercise class. If you are serious about it and want the most benefit, you try to do it all the time: sitting in traffic or meetings, in lines/queues, while passively watching events, while doing the dishes, etc. How do you do this? Your mantra is simply this: adjust your posture (easiest – e.g. always remind yourself to straighten your shoulders so the energy will flow better), adjust your breath (next easiest -- you have to find ways to remind yourself to do deep diaphramatic breathing), and adjusting your mind -- clearing your mind of thoughts or not dweling on thoughts and emotions so that your neurotransmitter profile heads towards the regenerative (parasympathetic) state.

If you want strength and flexibility, do the three adjustments all the time, but add some movement and more strenuous Qigong. Tai Chi is a good way to develop strength and flexibility. Some styles such as Chen and some of the weapons forms are more vigorous. Check out Bingkun Hu's 'Creating Flexibility' and Wild Goose Qigong videos/DVDs. I guarantee that if you learn Wild Goose that very few people you know will be more flexible than you. You might also check out Larry Johnson's '18 Buddha Hands' Qigong. It's a little more physically demanding than many types of Qigong.

There are thousands of types of Qigong. Part of the fun is trying different ones and adapting them to your own practice. In no time you'll have more than you have time for! Another good one to check out is anything from Francesco Garripoli (

I practice Qigong, but I am also very interested in the theory. I assume that my Qigong practice will be accelerated by using technical devices. Do you have any references for technical papers describing the electronic equipment used to measure an electromagnetic spectrum of qi-energy: frequencies, amplitudes, etc.

Qi energy is not something real and measurable from western science's standpoint. No one knows what qi really is, and there are no devices yet that are capable of measuring it. Discovering and measuring qi is still very much a research project in the scientific community. However, there have been some successes measuring acupuncture pathways, which are basically qi pathways. At least one company has created a "qi machine" based on the acoustic portion of the qi energy spectrum. This work was done in China. A Qigong master went into a perfectly quiet room used for testing hearing, and qi energy was acoustically measured coming from the master's hand. It is also mentioned in the PBS documentary “Qigong - Ancient Chinese Medicine for the 21st Century.” You could go into the the Qigong and Energy Medicine Database™and look for the reference to this work or other references to scientific measurement of qi. What might be more helpful would be to use google and search for "qi machine". You could then do some research into the products based on the results. But again, realize that these machines are based on the acoustic signal only, and that is only part of what qi really is. However, thousands of these machines have been sold, and many people have said that they have benefited from them. You may be able to contact the companies that produce these products and ask them for technical information, but it is doubtful that this information would be useful for your Qigong practice.

There is a lot of research into qi and Energy Medicine (especially acupuncture) going on at various universities and research centers. People are investigating using ultrasound and SQUIDs, among other devices. Just for some background on Energy Medicine, you might want to read the paper "Qigong - Energy Medicine for the New Millenium" which you can download for free from the QI website (look on the Scientific Research page). One of the more published energy researchers is James Oshman, his book ("The Scientific Basis of Energy Medicine") is referenced in this paper. It's a great book. He might have some newer papers that would interest you.

Do not assume that anything with Qigong will go faster or better with some device. It won't. There aren't any devices except for the qi machine, and it's doubtful that it would be of much help in your practice. The whole point with Qigong is to do the practice, not read about it, although the reading and researching is a lot of fun. Actually, the fastest way to improve would be to find a great Qigong teacher near you. See previous FAQ responses for more information on this.

There is at least one device that you might look into. It was created by the Institute of Heart Math. Read some of their papers. They are very interesting. Their machine is a bio-feedback machine. You can use it to calm your mind/lower your stress. This is also one of the major benefits you get from practicing Qigong. So it's a "machine" that can help you with your Qigong practice since it will tell you whether you are calming your nervous system. Google "heart math" and then go to the Institute of Heart Math and you'll be able to find the device somewhere on their site or possibly on someone else's, since other sites sell it now.

For more information on technical devices that measure EM fields, see Energy-Based Technologies and Therapies 

What can you recommend for information regarding recovering from drug addiction

See the paper "Use of Qigong Therapy in the Detoxification of Heroin Addicts". You can get a copy on the Scientific Papers page on the Qigong Institute web site. You can do pretty much any type of Qigong for drug addiction. You'll note in the article that they don't have a particular Qigong to recommend, but they use a simple one. We'd recommend starting with a very easy to learn and practice type of Qigong. The enhanced vitality method by Roger Jahnke would be great. Another set of excellent DVDs can be found at Any one of these would be good. The main point about the recommended DVDs is that anyone can learn to do basic Qigong with them (no personal instruction necessary).

What about enhancing learning/education

Any Qigong would work for this. It's mainly the meditative aspect of Qigong that helps people focus, become more aware, and de-stress. These and other benefits of Qigong practice result in an enhanced ability to learn. Qigong and Tai Chi, a martial arts form of Qigong, are used in many school situations. It is usually done by individual teachers locally, so it's a bit hard to get write-ups on it, although some have appeared in either Empty Vessel or Qi Journal. One program that has been very successful and been used for a number of years was started by Dr. Gaspar Garcia. If there isn't anything about this on his website ( yet, you could try contacting him. Also see for information on bringing Qigong into the school. Kahuna Valley is doing this with their local school district and has also worked with corporations. I also just visited a friend today who has a dojo with many children's programs. They teach karate, but they also teach Qigong. This is a wonderful combination for kids, especially. Discipline, respect, hard work, and wonderful life skills such as the ability to de-stress on demand and exercise and regulate the immune and nervous systems.

Can you recommend anything about sexual energy transformation

There is a complete text-book for this. It is the most thorough presentation of the subject that one could imagine: "Taoist Secrets of Love -- Cultivating Male Sexual Energy" by Mantak Chia. I think there's one for women too….

If you are unaware, there is a website featuring transcendental meditation -based educational programs

Thanks for the pointer. Their program focuses on meditation, which is excellent. Qigong is a combination of this along with movement, breathing, and self-massage. Meditation helps the most with handling stress and the development of mental concentration and clarity. But note that in order to be fully healthy, you have to do the movement and breathing too. The Shaolin monks were excellent at meditation, but not that healthy or physically capable. Then along comes Bodhidharma and introduces movement and breathing exercises. The rest, as they say, is history: The Shaolin monks became world famous, and for many good reasons. They are astounding to watch in person.

I really enjoy reading about the lives of individuals who have become healers as a result of practicing qigong or shamanism or any modalities. Can you please recommend some books on the topics of healers?

Here are some favorites with a bias toward to Qigong healing and healers. Each has some stories about becoming a healer. 

Miracle Healing from China: Qigong by Charles McGee, Effie Poy Yew Chow

Born A Healer: I Was Born a Healer. You Were Born a Healer, Too! by Chunyi Lin and Gary Rebstock

The Master Key: Qigong Secrets for Vitality, Love, and Wisdom by Robert Peng and Rafael Nasser 

Essence of the Healing Dance by Francesco Garripoli

I have noticed that many Qigong , Tai Chi, and Kung Fu practitioners in the parks close their sets or forms by lifting their arms and then pushing down in front of themselves.   Even in videos and movies too. What is that? is it for show? Does it have a purpose? Ive asked folks in the parks and all say they just do it because thats how they learned it.

It's not for show. every tai chi or qigong form has an opening and closing. this creates a completeness in the practice/form that you are doing. in ancient times the openings were quite elaborate, and you could tell who the master or lineage was by the opening. the closings were the same way. closing also signifies that you are done with the practice. and yeah, people do forms a certain way because they learned them that way and they are taught that way. but at the end of a form, there's also the concept of storing the energy that's been created by doing the form in your physical body, usually the lower dantien, the major energy center just below and behind the navel. to do the store, some forms grab from "heaven/cosmos/sky..."; some from the earth; some from both individually; or one gesture encompassing them both.