Effectiveness of music therapy in reducing the level of anxiety among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Author: Latif AI1, Alhidayat NS1, Putra SH1, Erika KA2, Ningrat S3, Syahrul S4
Author Information:
1Graduate Program of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia.
2Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia. Electronic address: kadek20_uh@yahoo.com.
3Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia.
4Department of Community and Family Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia.
Conference/Journal: Enferm Clin.
Date published: 2020 Mar
Other: Volume ID: 30 Suppl 2 , Pages: 304-307 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.10.022. [Article in English, Spanish] , Word Count: 119


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on the level of difficulty in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

METHODS: This study was a quasi-experiment with nonprobability sampling technique consisting of 60 participants, divided into intervention groups and control groups of 30 samples for each based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.

RESULTS: The three sessions of music therapy are significantly reducing the anxiety level of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (p<0.001) in the intervention group. Meanwhile, no significant reducing of anxiety among the control group (p=0.139).

CONCLUSION: Music therapy is effective in reducing anxiety levels of cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS: Anxiety; Cancer; Chemotherapy; Music therapy

PMID: 32204172 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.10.022

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