Klotho Ameliorates Chemically Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress Signaling.

Author: Banerjee S, Zhao Y, Sarkar PS, Rosenblatt KP, Tilton RG, Choudhary S.
From Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX.
Conference/Journal: Cell Physiol Biochem.
Date published: 2013
Other: Volume ID: 31 , Issue ID: 4-5 , Pages: 659-72 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1159/000350085 , Word Count: 214

Background: Both endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, a fundamental cell response associated with stress-initiated unfolded protein response (UPR), and loss of Klotho, an anti-aging hormone linked to NF-κB-induced inflammation, occur in chronic metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. We investigated if the loss of Klotho is causally linked to increased ER stress. Methods: We treated human renal epithelial HK-2, alveolar epithelial A549, HEK293, and SH-SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells with ER stress-inducing agents, thapsigargin and/or tunicamycin. Effects of overexpression or siRNA-mediated knockdown of Klotho on UPR signaling was investigated by immunoblotting and Real-time PCR. Results: Elevated Klotho levels in HK-2 cells decreased expression of ER stress markers phospho - IRE1, XBP-1s, BiP, CHOP, pJNK, and phospho-p38, all of which were elevated in response to tunicamycin and/or thapsigargin. Similar results were observed using A549 cells for XBP-1s, BiP, and CHOP in response to thapsigargin. Conversely, knockdown of Klotho in HEK 293 cells using siRNA caused further thapsigargin-induced increases in pIRE-1, XBP-1s, and BiP. Klotho overexpression in A549 cells blocked thapsigargin-induced caspase and PARP cleavage and improved cell viability. Conclusion: Our data indicate that Klotho has an important role in regulating ER stress and that loss of Klotho is causally linked to ER stress-induced apoptosis.
Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
PMID: 23711492