[Clinical management of masticatory muscle pain : An update of the recommendations.]

Author: Schindler HJ, Türp JC, Nilges P, Hugger A.
Poliklinik für Zahnärztliche Prothetik, Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Deutschland.
Conference/Journal: Schmerz.
Date published: 2013 May 23
Other: Special Notes: [Article in German] , Word Count: 173

Besides the different forms of odontalgia, myalgias of the masticatory muscles are the most frequent noninfectious complaints in the orofacial region. After summarizing the recommendations set forth by the Interdisciplinary Working Group of Orofacial Pain within the German Chapter of the IASP (German Pain Society), we present the current state of knowledge regarding the etiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic options, based on an extensive literature search. A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and the database of the Deutsche Zahnärztliche Zeitschrift. The results corroborate our previous recommendations that for the majority of patients pain reduction or pain relief can be achieved with noninvasive, reversible methods. Short- and long-term trials have added more evidence to the fact that different therapeutic measures have similar efficacy. In patients with chronic myalgias of the jaw muscles, involvement of a psychotherapist is crucial. Patient education, oral appliances, physiotherapeutic exercises, and acupuncture are recommended therapeutic measures, while physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, and psychological therapy received a limited recommendation.
PMID: 23695155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]