Reversal of the Detrimental Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Human Osteoblasts by Modified Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound.

Author: Zia Uddin SM, Hadjiargyrou M, Cheng J, Zhang S, Hu M, Qin YX.
Orthopaedic Bioengineering Research Lab, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
Conference/Journal: Ultrasound Med Biol.
Date published: 2013 Feb 27
Other: Pages: S0301-5629(12)00706-5 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2012.11.016 , Word Count: 252

Microgravity (MG) is known to induce bone loss in astronauts during long-duration space mission because of a lack of sufficient mechanical stimulation under MG. It has been demonstrated that mechanical signals are essential for maintaining cell viability and motility, and they possibly serve as a countermeasure to the catabolic effects of MG. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of high-frequency acoustic wave signals on osteoblasts in a simulated microgravity (SMG) environment (created using 1-D clinostat bioreactor) using a modified low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (mLIPUS). Specifically, we evaluated the hypothesis that osteoblasts (human fetal osteoblastic cell line) exposure to mLIPUS for 20 min/d at 30 mW/cm2 will significantly reduce the detrimental effects of SMG. Effects of SMG with mLIPUS were analyzed using the MTS proliferation assay for proliferation, phalloidin for F-actin staining, Sirius red stain for collagen, and Alizarin red for mineralization. Our data showed that osteoblast exposure to SMG results in significant decreases in proliferation (∼ -38% and ∼ -44% on days 4 and 6, respectively; p < 0.01), collagen content (∼ -22%; p < 0.05) and mineralization (∼ -37%; p < 0.05) and actin stress fibers. In contrast, mLIPUS stimulation in SMG condition significantly increases the rate of proliferation (∼24% by day 6; p < 0.05), collagen content (∼52%; p < 0.05) and matrix mineralization (∼25%; p < 0.001) along with restoring formation of actin stress fibers in the SMG-exposed osteoblasts. These data suggest that the acoustic wave can potentially be used as a countermeasure for disuse osteopenia.
Copyright © 2013 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PMID: 23453382