A Pilot Study of Yoga for Chronic Headaches in Youth: Promise Amidst Challenges.

Author: Hainsworth KR, Salamon KS, Khan KA, Mascarenhas B, Davies WH, Weisman SJ.
Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin/Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Jane B. Pettit Pain and Palliative Care Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Electronic address: khainsworth@chw.org.
Conference/Journal: Pain Manag Nurs.
Date published: 2013 Feb 18
Other: Pages: S1524-9042(12)00184-1 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.12.002 , Word Count: 161

The primary aim of the current study was to provide preliminary data on the feasibility, acceptability, and safety of alignment-based yoga for youths with chronic headaches. A secondary aim was to provide preliminary estimates of yoga's ability to improve headache pain, daily functioning, quality of life, and anxiety level in this population. The yoga intervention consisted of 8 weekly, 75-minute classes. Participant flow data revealed challenges to feasibility primarily due to recruitment and retention. Scores on most outcome measures changed in the predicted direction with medium effect sizes found for the functional outcomes. Pain measures did not change significantly. This pilot suggests that yoga for pediatric headaches may be acceptable, as indicated by positive parent and participant ratings of the yoga experience. These preliminary findings suggest that yoga trials for pediatric headaches include both challenges and promise. Recommendations for overcoming challenges include designs that optimize family convenience.
Copyright © 2013 American Society for Pain Management Nursing. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
PMID: 23428497