Author: Lin X, Nishio K, Konno T, Ishihara K.
Department of Materials Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.
Date published: 2012 Nov
Other: Volume ID: 33 , Issue ID: 33 , Pages: 8221-7 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.08.035 , Word Count: 193
Development of living cell-based devices holds great promise in many biomedical and industrial applications. To increase our understanding of the process, we investigated the biological and electrochemical properties of a redox phospholipid polymer hydrogel containing an electron-generating bacteria (Shewanella oneidensis MR-1). A water-soluble and amphiphilic phospholipid polymer, poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine-co-n-butyl methacrylate-co-p-vinylphenylboronic acid-co-vinylferrocene) (PMBVF), was our choice for incorporation into a hydrogel matrix that promotes encapsulation of bacteria and acts as an electron transfer mediator. This hydrogel formed spontaneously and encapsulated Shewanella in three-dimensional structures. Visual analysis showed that the encapsulated Shewanella maintained viability and metabolic activity even after long-term storage. Cyclic voltammetry measurement indicated that the PMBVF/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PMBVF/PVA) hydrogel had stable and high electron transfer efficiency. Amperometric measurement showed that the hydrogel could maintain the electron transfer efficiency even when Shewanella was encapsulated. Thus, the PMBVF/PVA hydrogel not only provides a mild environment for long-term bacterial survival but also maintains electron transfer efficiency from the bacteria to the electrode. We conclude that hydrogel/bacteria hybrid biomaterials, such as PMBVF/PVA/Shewanella, may find application in the fabrication of living cell-based devices.
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