Author: Kohler A, Kressig RW, Schindler C, Granacher U.
Institut für Sport und Sportwissenschaften Universität Basel und Akutgeriatrie, Universitätsspital Basel.
Conference/Journal: Praxis (Bern 1994)
Date published: 2012 Nov 28
Other: Volume ID: 101 , Issue ID: 24 , Pages: 1537-47 , Special Notes: [Article in German] doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a001129. , Word Count: 161
Background: In order to introduce elderly people to be physically active, it is necessary to evaluate which types of exercise show a high adherence. Therefore, the objective of this systematic literature review was to determine adherence rates in intervention programs to promote physical activity in older adults. Methods: Forty-six studies investigating the effects of aerobic, resistance, power, balance, Tai Chi training, and multimodal training were included following a systematic literature search. Adherence rates were evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: No significant correlations were observed between adherence rates and exercise programs. However, there was a significant association between adherence rate and training frequency (-2,9%; p=0,042), training duration (-0,2%; p=0,016) and number of participants (-0,1%; p=0,008). Conclusion: To ensure a high adherence to training programs with older people, it seems that to a lesser extent the contents of training, but rather the training modalities (i.e., training frequency, intervention duration) and the number of participants appear to be of importance.