Qigong Massage for Motor Skills in Young Children With Cerebral Palsy and Down Syndrome.

Author: Silva LM, Schalock M, Garberg J, Smith CL.
Louisa M. T. Silva, MD, MPH, is Visiting Professor, Teaching Research Institute, Western Oregon University, PO Box 688, Salem, OR 97308; lmtsilvaqigong@comcast.net.
Conference/Journal: Am J Occup Ther.
Date published: 2012 May
Other: Volume ID: 66 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 348-355 , Word Count: 155

In this article, we present a small randomized controlled study evaluating the effect of a dual parent- and trainer-delivered qigong massage methodology on motor skills and sensory responses in 28 children under age 4 with developmental delay and motor tone abnormalities. Fourteen children had high motor tone as a result of cerebral palsy (CP), and 14 children had low motor tone as a result of Down syndrome. Multivariate analysis and post hoc analysis of variance showed large effect-size improvements in Peabody Gross Motor Scale (PGMS) Object Manipulation scores (p < .01) and large effect-size improvements in overall PGMS scores (p < .04) in treatment versus control groups after 5 mo intervention. Follow-up evaluation 10 mo from the start indicated continued improvement. Sensory responses showed no treatment effect. The results suggest further investigation of qigong massage as a promising avenue for research to improve motor skills in young children with CP and Down syndrome.
Copyright © 2012 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
PMID: 22549600