Biofeedback and meditation: effects on muscle tension and locus of control

Author: Zaichkowsky LD//Kamen R
Conference/Journal: Percept Mot Skills
Date published: 1978
Other: Volume ID: 46 , Issue ID: 3 Pt 1 , Pages: 955-8 , Word Count: 64

A total of 48 subjects participated in a relaxation experiment to determine whether frontalis muscle EMG biofeedback, Transcendental Meditation, and meditation (Benson technique) produced decreased muscle tension and concomitant changes in locus of control. All three treatments resulted in significant decreases in frontalis muscle tension when compared to a control. Concomitant changes towards an internal locus of control occurred only in the subjects given biofeedback