[Chaotic component of human high-frequency EEG in the state of quiet wakefulness][Article in Russian]

Author: Efremova TM//Kulikov MA
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Conference/Journal: Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova
Date published: 2002
Other: Volume ID: 52 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 283-91 , Word Count: 173

Chaotic component of human EEG oscillations in the high-frequency band (14.7-100 Hz) was investigated. EEG was recorded from four points in symmetrical frontal and occipital scalp areas. The results of the non-linear analysis of the high-frequency EEG indicate the existence of the deterministic chaotic component with a high attractor correlation dimension. It was significantly different from the respective values of the Gaussian noise filtered in the same frequency band. In the state of quiet wakefulness (eyes closed), the dimensions of chaotic components of the EEG in all derivations did not differ from each other. Analysis of correlation pairs between the ensembles of correlation dimensions of the high-frequency EEG revealed reliable patterns of significant connections between the neocortical areas with individual features in different subjects. When the functional state of the brain was changed by hyperventilation, both the values of the correlation dimensions and the structure of inter-area connection patterns changed. We believe that the nonlinear component of high-frequency EEG is a sensitive and local characteristic of the functional state of the human brain.