Effects of KAPPOH resuscitation techniques in BUDO

Author: Asami T
Nippon Sport Science University
Conference/Journal: J Mind-Body Science
Date published: 2000
Other: Volume ID: 9 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 43-56 , Special Notes: Text in Japanese; abstract in English , Word Count: 186

In order to investigate the effects of the KAPPOH (resuscitation) methods practiced in Japanese Budo (martial art), the author observed the physiological responses of volunteers during the application of the resuscitation techniques. For this study the author selected seven types of KAPPOH (SASOIKATSU, SEKATSU, ERIKATSU, HARAKATSU, URAKATSU, SOHKATSU and NOHKATSU), and recorded the respiration curves, electrocardiograms, pulse waves, galvanic skin reflexes, microvibrations and electroencephalograms of the subjects during the performance of each of these resuscitation techniques.

The results obtained were as follows:
1. Many of the pressure points utilized in KAPPOH techniques are the same as those used in striking attacks (ATEMI).
2. In conscious subjects the application of SASOIKATSU and HARAKATSU were associated with remarkable changes of respiratory and circulatory function, and of sensory-nervous reaction. No noteworthy physiological changes were observed following the application of SEKATSU, ERIKATSU, URAKATSU, SOHKATSU and NOHKATSU.
3. Unconscious subjects were revived instantly by application of SASOIKATSU, after having been rendered unconscious with 9 to 11 seconds of application and choking techniques (KATAJUJIJIME). It may be concluded that KAPPOH techniques quickly restored the subjects to normal consciousness through the resuscitation of brain function and forced respiration.