The effect of Qigong on general and psychosocial health of elderly with chronic physical illnesses: a randomized clinical trial.

Author: Tsang HW//Mok CK//Au Yeung YT//Chan SY
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
Conference/Journal: Int J Geriatr Psychiatry
Date published: 2003
Other: Volume ID: 18 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: 441-9 , Word Count: 211

OBJECTIVES: Based on the model by Tsang et al. (2002) which summarized the etiological factors and consequences of depression in elderly with chronic physical illnesses, a randomized clinical trial of a special form of Qigong (The Eight Section Brocades) was conducted to assess if it improved the biopsychosocial health of participants.

DESIGN: 50 geriatric patients in sub-acute stage of chronic physical illnesses were recruited and randomly assigned into the intervention and control group. The intervention group was given a 12-week period of Qigong practice while the control group was given traditional remedial rehabilitation activities.

RESULTS: The intervention group participants expressed improvement in physical health, ADL, psychological health, social relationship, and health in general as reflected by scores of the Perceived Benefit Questionnaire and informal feedback.

CONCLUSION: Although results are not significant in the generalization measures, it may be due to small effect size, small sample size, and short intervention period. Although not all of the hypotheses are supported, this report shows that Qigong (the Eight Section Brocades) is promising as an alternative intervention for elderly with chronic physical illness to improve their biopsychosocial health. More systematic evaluation with larger sample size and longer period of intervention is now underway in Hong Kong. Results will be reported once available. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.