Mind-Body Intervention for Diabetic Neuropathy: A Pilot Study on Yoga's Effects on Muscle Strength, Proprioception, Fear of Falling, Pain, and Quality of Life

Author: Mohammad Ali Faridi Dastjerdi1, Gholamali Ghasemi1, Hamed Esmaeili1, Negin Ghasemi Kahrizsangi2
1 Department of Sport Injuries & Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Conference/Journal: Biol Res Nurs
Date published: 2024 May 29
Other: Pages: 10998004241256097 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/10998004241256097. , Word Count: 225

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week yoga intervention on muscle strength, proprioception, pain, concerns about falling, and quality of life in individuals diagnosed with diabetic neuropathy.

A quasi-experimental design incorporating a pretest-posttest methodology and a control group was implemented in the present study. A total of 30 patients who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and neuropathy were recruited and randomly assigned to intervention (n = 15) or non-exercise control (n = 15). Yoga sessions were conducted for a duration of 60 min on three occasions per week, with participants requested to practice at home on other days.

The results showed significant main effects of time on the muscle strength (both flexor and extensor muscles, p < .001, ηp2 = 0.652 and p < .001, ηp2 = 0.539, respectively), proprioception error (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.807), pain intensity (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.538), concerns about falling (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.700), and overall score of quality of life (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.475). Moreover, there were significant group-by-time interactions for all variables (p < .001 for all).

The study reveals that yoga intervention can be an effective alternative therapeutic approach to medication for individuals with diabetic neuropathy. Yet, future studies are needed on a larger sample size to strengthen the present understanding of the advantageous impact of yoga intervention in this population.

Keywords: diabetic neuropathy; fear of falling; motor function; quality of life; yoga.

PMID: 38810022 DOI: 10.1177/10998004241256097