Impact of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy and Aerobic Exercise on Patients Suffering With Hypertension: A Systematic Review

Author: Arjavi A Pakhan1, Swapna Jawade1, Manali A Boob1, Kamya J Somaiya1
1 Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Ravi Nair Physiotherapy College, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Wardha, IND.
Conference/Journal: Cureus
Date published: 2024 Mar 18
Other: Volume ID: 16 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: e56414 , Special Notes: doi: 10.7759/cureus.56414. , Word Count: 225

Hypertension is a major preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This review evaluates the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy and aerobic exercise on blood pressure (BP) levels in hypertensive patients. This study incorporated research conducted between 2012 and 2020 that was found through a systematic literature search. The measures used to estimate the improvement in BP include the BP measurements, quality-of-life (QOL) scale, and plasma nitric oxide (NO) level. The examination of the review comprised eight studies. These encompassed studies involving individuals with a systolic BP (SBP) above 140 mmHg and a diastolic BP (DBP) above 90 mmHg; those falling within the age range of 40 to 60 years, including both genders; and patients on antihypertensive medications. The review of selected articles concluded that PEMF therapy and aerobic exercise positively impact BP among individuals with hypertension. Aerobic exercises of moderate intensity including brisk walking, jogging, and cycling type of aerobic exercises help reduce BP and maintain patients' physical fitness. PEMF therapy is a complementary approach that affects the biological system and potential health, positively impacting BP. Results indicate that PEMF therapy can be a nonpharmacological method to manage BP in clinical populations. More thorough research is necessary to understand the best dosage, long-term effects, and comparison between PEMF therapy and aerobic exercise.

Keywords: aerobic exercise; hypertension; lifestyle modification; nonpharmacological method; pulsed electromagnetic field therapy.

PMID: 38638759 PMCID: PMC11024783 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.56414