Psychological Stress Analysis to Evaluate the Effects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Mood Regulation and Quality of Life in Patients with Bipolar Disorder

Author: Yueke Qiang1, Wenjian Yang1, Bing Yang1
1 Department of Psychiatry, Shayang County People's Hospital, 448200 Jingmen, Hubei, China.
Conference/Journal: Actas Esp Psiquiatr
Date published: 2024 Apr 1
Other: Volume ID: 52 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 130-137 , Special Notes: doi: 10.62641/aep.v52i2.1555. , Word Count: 387

To explore the impact of transcranial magnetic stimulation on emotion regulation and quality of life in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and to evaluate the effectiveness of the mental stress analyzer.

Patients with BD admitted to our hospital from August 2022 to August 2023 were retrospectively selected. For the present study, 60 patients who received drug therapy served as the control group, and the other 60 patients who received repeated transcranial stimulation on this basis served as the observation group. The heart rate variability (HRV) of the two groups of patients was detected by a mental stress analyzer/HRV analysis system. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to evaluate the mental state of the two groups of patients. The quality of life of the two groups was assessed using the Comprehensive Quality of Life Questionnaire 74 (GQOLI-74). Clinical effectiveness global rating scale-illness severity (CGI-SI) was used to evaluate the clinical symptoms of the two groups of patients, and the incidence of adverse reactions was calculated.

In comparison to the control group, the high-frequency power (HF) of the patients demonstrated an elevation in the observation group, and the low-frequency power (LF) and LF/HF were significantly reduced (p < 0.05). The standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN), standard deviation of all five-minute NN intervals (SDANN), root mean square of successive differences (rMSSD), and percent RR intervals with a difference in duration higher than 50 ms (PNN50) of patients in the observation group showed a notable increase compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the HAMD, SAS, and SDS scores of the patients in the observation group demonstrated a substantial decline relative to the control group (p < 0.05). In contrast to the control group, there was a significant increase in the overall clinical effectiveness rate among patients in the observation group, and the incidence of adverse reactions was significantly reduced (p < 0.05).

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has significant clinical effects in treating BD and can effectively improve patients' anxiety, suppress emotions, and regulate patients' emotions. At the same time, rTMS has high safety and little impact on the balance of patients' autonomic nervous function, reduces the incidence of adverse reactions, accelerates the patient's recovery process, and is suitable for clinical promotion.

PMID: 38622010 DOI: 10.62641/aep.v52i2.1555