Health Qigong Mawangdui Guidance can improve pelvic floor muscle function and quality of life in females with stress urinary incontinence: A randomized controlled trial pilot study

Author: Ming Xu1, Xu Zhang1, Yue Zhuo1, Wanrong Wu1,2, Qiong Liu1, Shuang Qin1, Zhuan Long3, Kun Ai1, Ya Li4, Hong Zhang1
1 College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Rehabilitation, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China.
2 The First Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China.
3 College of Sports Art, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China.
4 Changsha Central Hospital, Changsha, China.
Conference/Journal: Medicine (Baltimore)
Date published: 2024 Apr 12
Other: Volume ID: 103 , Issue ID: 15 , Pages: e37671 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000037671. , Word Count: 353

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a great problem of public health, especially for women's quality of life. UI afflicts at least 21.6% of the global population, and more than half of the UI is related to female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Mawangdui Guidance plays an important role in preventing diseases and maintaining health.

Sixty female patients with SUI were randomly divided into a control group (n = 30) and an experimental group (n = 30). Patients in both groups were treated with basic rehabilitation therapy under the guidance of rehabilitation therapists who were trained in Mawangdui Guidance, based on the former, the experimental group was taught to exercise Mawangdui Guidance(including selected movements: "Qishi," "Longdeng," "Chishi," and "Yinyao"), while the control group performed Kegel exercise with a procedure of 20 min, six times per week for 6 weeks. The function was mainly evaluated by the 1 h pad-test, incontinence quality of life questionnaire (I-QOL), and international consultation on incontinence questionnaire urinary incontinence short form (ICI-Q-SF). In addition, evaluation of pelvic floor muscle function was also included in our assessment.

The leakage of urine in the 1 h pad-test was significantly decreased in both two groups after treatment (P < .05), and the urine leakage in the experimental group was significantly less than that in the control group (P < .05). The muscle strength of type I and II muscle fibers of the pelvic floor, intravaginal pressure, and I-QOL score in both two groups were increased after treatment; moreover, the experimental group was more significant than the control group (P <.05). The fatigue degree of type I and type II muscle fibers of the pelvic floor, and the ICI-Q-SF score in both groups were significantly improved after treatment (P < .05); however, there were no differences between these two groups. The total effective rate of the experimental group was 90.00%, and 76.67% in the control group (P <.05).

Mawangdui Guidance can effectively improve the function of pelvic floor muscle, improve the ability of urine storage and control, and alleviate the symptoms of female patients with SUI. However, the international research on Mawangdui Guidance is very limited, and more in-depth research is needed.

PMID: 38608094 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000037671