Mind Over Microbes: Investigating the Interplay Between Lifestyle Factors, Gut Microbiota, and Brain Health

Author: Parul Bali, Parth Lal, Madhava Sai Sivapuram, L V Simhachalam Kutikuppala, Pramod Avti, Aarzoo Chanana, Saurabh Kumar, Akshay Anand
Conference/Journal: Neuroepidemiology
Date published: 2024 Mar 26
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1159/000538416. , Word Count: 161

The gut microbiota (GM) of the human body comprises several species of microorganisms. This microorganism plays a significant role in the physiological and pathophysiological processes of various human diseases.

The literature review includes studies that describe causative factors that influence GM. The GM is sensitive to various factors like circadian rhythms, environmental agents, physical activity, nutrition, and hygiene that together impact the functioning and composition of the gut microbiome. This affects the health of the host, including the psycho-neural aspects, due to the interconnectivity between the brain and the gut. Hence, this paper examines the relationship of GM with neurodegenerative disorders in the context of these aforesaid factors.

Future studies that identify the regulatory pathways associated with gut microbes can provide a causal link between brain degeneration and the gut at a molecular level. Together, this review could be helpful in designing preventive and treatment strategies aimed at GM, so that neurodegenerative diseases can be treated.

PMID: 38531341 DOI: 10.1159/000538416