Combined mind-body intervention for premenstrual dysphoric disorder: A randomized controlled trial

Author: Hatice Abaoğlu1, Huri Şeyma Çiftçi2, Gamze Ekici1
1 Occupational Therapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
2 Community Mental Health Center, Kastamonu Research and Training Hospital, Kastamonu, Turkey.
Conference/Journal: Health Care Women Int
Date published: 2024 Feb 12
Other: Pages: 1-21 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/07399332.2024.2314219. , Word Count: 152

In this study, we aimed to examine the effectiveness of relaxation training in women with PMDD through a randomized controlled design. Sixty-three women were recruited and randomized to relaxation training or control groups. The outcome measurements, administered at baseline and post-training, included the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Nottingham Health Profile (NHP), and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). The intervention group received 12 sessions of relaxation training, including progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagination. While there were significant differences within the group in the relaxation training group, no significant differences were found in the control group. Relaxation training had a positive effect on reducing premenstrual symptoms, anxiety, depression and disability and improving quality of life in women with PMDD. More research is necessary to recommend relaxation training as a primary and long-term treatment and to understand how it should be included in a comprehensive treatment plan.

PMID: 38346242 DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2024.2314219