[Body, mind and culture : The complex dimensions of experiencing pain]

Author: Jonas Tesarz1
1 Klinik für Allgemeine Innere Medizin und Psychosomatik, Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120, Heidelberg, Deutschland. jonas.tesarz@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
Conference/Journal: Schmerz
Date published: 2024 Jan 30
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s00482-023-00787-6. , Word Count: 186

This article deals with the interrelationship between body, mind and culture with respect to being healthy and being ill. If one wants to treat not only sickness but also sick people, it is helpful to be aware not only of the somatic and psychological dimensions of a disease but also of the "cultural" dimension of a disease. Based on personal reflections and supplemented by a focused literature search this article provides insights into how cultural influences not only affect the experience of illness but also decide how an illness is dealt with individually and socially. Furthermore, it is shown that not only being sick but also the sick body can be understood in somatic, psychological and cultural dimensions and that a distinction must be made between the body as it physically is and as it is subjectively perceived. Finally, an insight into the complexity of the somatopsychic and psychosomatic interactions is provided in order to derivatively show how mental stress can lead to physical pain and physical pain can become a mental stressor.

Keywords: Biopsychosocial; Body image; Nociception; PTSD; Psychological.

PMID: 38289344 DOI: 10.1007/s00482-023-00787-6