A Systematic Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Results of Randomized Controlled Trials Assessing the Effect of Yoga in Adult Women With Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: What Is Known So Far

Author: Marya Ali1,2, Mrinal J P Oble3,4, Shamsun Nahar Sonia4, Sherie George5, Srushti R Shahi6, Zahra Ali7,8, Abdelrahman Abaza9, Aneeque Jamil4, Sai Dheeraj Gutlapalli10,11, Safeera Khan4
1 Psychiatry Clinical Research, Nishtar Medical University, Multan, PAK.
2 Psychiatry, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.
3 Medicine, Kempegowda institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, IND.
4 Internal Medicine, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.
5 General Medicine, Pinderfields Hospital, Leeds, GBR.
6 Medicine, St. Martinus University Faculty of Medicine (SMUFOM), Willemstad, CUW.
7 Medicine, Bolan University of Medical and Health Sciences, Quetta, PAK.
8 Medicine, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.
9 Pathology, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.
10 Internal Medicine, Richmond University Medical Center Affiliated With Mount Sinai Health System and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Staten Island, USA.
11 Internal Medicine Clinical Research, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.
Conference/Journal: Cureus
Date published: 2023 Oct 26
Other: Volume ID: 15 , Issue ID: 10 , Pages: e47765 , Special Notes: doi: 10.7759/cureus.47765. , Word Count: 296

Yoga has been increasingly practiced in recent years, with many of its practitioners being female. Adults may seek a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modality, such as yoga, to attempt to alleviate symptoms related to mental health conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our goal for this systematic review was to collect and analyze all available data from quantitative and qualitative reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted over the past 10 years on the impact of yoga on women diagnosed with PTSD. We included RCTs with the adult female population in which yoga was practiced for more than one week. We searched the databases PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), and MEDLINE on June 11, 2022, Embase on June 12, 2022, and Science Direct on June 13, 2022, to find relevant articles. With the Cochrane RoB2 tool and Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) criteria, we checked for their quality, after which we selected 13 high-quality reports comprising seven original study designs and a total of 496 women. Of the 13 reports, nine evaluated effectiveness, four assessed feasibility, three explored acceptability, and four identified qualitative themes. We compared the results based on the assessed themes. Our results found yoga effective, feasible, acceptable, and a viable interoceptive pathway for emotional and personal growth. Limitations in our study include insufficient papers with large sample sizes and not including papers other than RCTs. With our research, we hope to present healthcare providers with research-based data on the effects of yoga so that they may better navigate its role in therapy as the trend of seeing more patients taking an interest in such alternative approaches rises.

Keywords: hatha yoga; post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd); randomized clinical trial yoga; women's mental health; yoga feasibility; yoga for ptsd; yoga in women; yoga quantitative themes; yoga rct; yoga therapy.

PMID: 38021711 PMCID: PMC10676296 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.47765