Chan-Chuang and resistance exercise for drug rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial among Chinese male methamphetamine users

Author: Hansen Li1, Chao Wang1, Xuemei Huang2, Lubing Xu2, Yang Cao3,4, Jiong Luo1, Guodong Zhang1
1 Research Center for Exercise Detoxification, College of Physical Education, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
2 Chongqing Xishanping Education and Correction Center, Chongqing, China.
3 Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
4 Unit of Integrative Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Conference/Journal: Front Public Health
Date published: 2023 Oct 26
Other: Volume ID: 11 , Pages: 1180503 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1180503. , Word Count: 157

To examine the health benefits of Chan-Chuang and resistance exercise.

We deployed an 8-week randomized controlled trial, in which 76 male methamphetamine users were allocated to control (n = 25), Chan-Chuang (n = 26), and residence exercise groups (n = 25). Our primary outcomes were drug craving, mental wellbeing, sleep quality, heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Our secondary outcomes were body mass index (BMI), vital capacity, grip strength, balance, and vertical jump.

Chan-Chuang exercise resulted in reduced HR, DBP, and MAP, along with improvements in vital capacity, grip strength, and balance compared to the control group. Resistance exercise reduced SBP and MAP, and also improved vital capacity, grip strength, balance, and vertical jump.

These findings may support the role of Chan-Chuang and resistance exercise in maintaining the physical fitness of methamphetamine users at mandatory detention centers.

Keywords: Chan-Chuang; drug; methamphetamine; mindfulness; qigong; strength training.

PMID: 37965508 PMCID: PMC10642185 DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1180503