Tai Ji on Cognitive Function Improvement in Parkinson's Disease: A Meta-Analysis

Author: Jinling Yin1, Yang Liu2, Wangang Lyu1, Yongzhao Fan3
1 School of Physical Education, Wuhan Sports University, 430079 Wuhan, Hubei, China.
2 School of Sports Science, Jishou University, 416000 Jishou, Hunan, China.
3 Department of Physical Education, Henan Normal University, 453007 Xinxiang, Henan, China.
Conference/Journal: J Integr Neurosci
Date published: 2023 Aug 16
Other: Volume ID: 22 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: 123 , Special Notes: doi: 10.31083/j.jin2205123. , Word Count: 237

Tai Ji (TJ) can improve cognitive function, which in turn brings life quality to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Cognitive function is thus important for PD patients. Analyzing the cognitive function and obtaining precise TJ exercise prescriptions are effective in treating PD patients.

The purpose of this review was to discuss the current Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of TJ and cognitive function improvement in PD.

Materials and methods:
Databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, EBSCOhost, Wan Fang, and CNKI, were searched. Cochrane systematic evaluation method was adopted wherein 6 RCTs met the final inclusion criteria.

Among the 6 included RCTs, 3 were of high quality, and the rest were of medium quality. Quantitative analysis exhibited that TJ intervention improved the cognitive function of PD patients. TJ promoted the global cognitive function (p < 0.05) and the executive function (p = 0.09) compared with the control. However there was no significant improvement in cognitive motor. TJ training intervention doses of two times a week with 45-60 min sessions over ≤12 weeks could improve the cognitive function of PD patients.

TJ affects the cognitive function of PD patients. However, this effect may have a reduced or no significant impact as the disease increases. PD patients can choose TJ as an intervention for 45-60 min twice a week for at least 12 weeks to accomplish maximum improvement in cognitive function.

Keywords: Parkinson's disease; Tai Ji; cognitive function; meta-analysis.

PMID: 37735124 DOI: 10.31083/j.jin2205123