Daily Physical Training Improved Coronal Imbalance of Adult Degenerative Scoliosis: A Case Report

Author: Koji Akeda1, Takahiro Hasegawa1, Koki Kawaguchi1, Junichi Yamada1, Norihiko Takegami1, Tatsuhiko Fujiwara1, Akihiro Sudo1
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu 514-8507, Japan.
Conference/Journal: Medicina (Kaunas)
Date published: 2023 Aug 9
Other: Volume ID: 59 , Issue ID: 8 , Pages: 1443 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/medicina59081443. , Word Count: 192

Background and Objectives: Adult (de novo) degenerative scoliosis (ADS) develops through degenerative changes in the lumbar spine, leading to spinal malalignment, which usually progresses with age. Strong evidence for non-operative care in patients with ADS is lacking, and whether physical exercise can improve the scoliosis curve remains unknown. Materials and Methods: We present a case of early stage ADS in which the coronal imbalance was improved by daily training. A 65-year-old female patient complained of lower back pain (LBP) and bilateral leg pain. She was diagnosed with early stage ADS with lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis by imaging. She completed six months of daily physical training, including swimming, aerobic bikes, stretching, yoga, and Taijiquan. Results: Her LBP and neurological symptoms improved, and coronal-spinal balance was restored, which was maintained for four years by continued daily physical training. Conclusions: This is the first case of a 65-year-old ADS patient whose coronal balance was significantly restored through daily physical training. Substantial physical training focused on trunk muscle strength is important for spinal stabilization and for improving spinal malalignment in patients with early stage ADS.

Keywords: adult spinal deformity; conservative treatment; exercise.

PMID: 37629733 PMCID: PMC10456769 DOI: 10.3390/medicina59081443