The effects of Baduanjin on physical function, daily living activities and quality of life in patients with stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author: Lirong Wei1, Yun Liu2, Yanan Wang3, Jiping Bian2, Zhengyang Song3, Xiaofeng Liu2, Shen Wang2
1 Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Treatment, Tianjin Medical Research Center for Malignant Tumors.
2 Graduate School, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.
3 Department of Preventive Health Care, Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin, China.
Conference/Journal: Top Stroke Rehabil
Date published: 2023 Aug 9
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/10749357.2023.2238433. , Word Count: 252

Baduanjin is a traditional Chinese exercise that combines respiration and movement. The study is designed to evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on physical function, daily living activities, and quality of life in stroke patients.

Eleven databases were searched from inception through 16 September 2022. The methodological quality evaluation of the studies was evaluated with the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions v5.1.0. The quality evaluation of the evidence was graded with the Guideline Development Tool .

A total of 24 studies were included. Three indicators with moderate quality evidence, six indicators with low quality evidence, and one indicator with very low quality evidence. Meta-analysis results suggest that Baduanjin group is better than the control group in increasing Berg balance scale [MD = 7.99, 95%CI (4.99, 10.99), P < 0.00001], Fugl- Meyer balance scale [MD = 5.26, 95%CI (0.12, 10.40), P = 0.04]; Total Fugl-Meyer assessment scale [MD = 7.17, 95%CI (3.13, 11.2), P = 0.0005], Fugl-Meyer assessment lower extremity scale[MD = 3.05, 95%CI(0.95, 5.15), P = 0.004], Fugl-Meyer assessment upper extremity scale[MD = 4.60, 95%CI (1.64,7.56), P = 0.002]; walking function scale[SMD = 0.69, 95%CI (0.14, 1.23), P = 0.01]; trunk function scale[MD = 2.46, 95%CI (1.75,3.17), P < 0.00001]; Barthel index[MD = 9.43, 95%CI (6.20,12.65), P < 0.00001] and quality of life score[SMD = 1.85, 95%CI (1.46, 2.23), P < 0.00001]. Meanwhile, Baduanjin reduced Neurological deficit scores SMD = -1.41, 95%CI (-1.83, -0.98), P < 0.00001]).

Baduanjin is probably an effective rehabilitation method to improve balance, motor, trunk, neurological functions, daily living activities, and quality of life in stroke patients. However, the result of Baduanjin in improving walking function is unstable, and further high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the results.

Keywords: Baduanjin; meta-analysis; rehabilitation; stroke; systematic review.

PMID: 37555455 DOI: 10.1080/10749357.2023.2238433