Author: Naomi Takemura1, Denise Shuk Ting Cheung1, Daniel Yee Tak Fong1, Chia-Chin Lin1,2
1 School of Nursing, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
2 Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Charity Foundation Professor in Nursing, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Conference/Journal: Palliat Support Care
Date published: 2023 Jul 28
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1017/S1478951523000962. , Word Count: 264
Adherence plays a vital role in the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions. The disappearance of interventions' effects at follow-up was caused by inadequate self-practice beyond intervention period. The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with adherence to aerobic exercise and Tai Chi and the impact of adherence on the short- and long-term effectiveness in improving sleep in patients with advanced lung cancer.
This study analyzed data collected in a clinical trial that evaluated the effects of aerobic exercise and Tai Chi in patients with advanced lung cancer. Two types of exercises were maintained at the same intensity but with different dosage. A total of 99 patients with advanced lung cancer who were recruited between 2018 and 2020 were included. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires.
Fifty participants were randomly assigned to aerobic exercise and 49 to Tai Chi intervention. Higher levels of satisfaction and lower levels of depression were significantly associated with higher attendance and compliance in both groups. Low fatigue levels contributed to higher attendance in Tai Chi. Both attendance and compliance were significantly associated with long-term sleep improvement.
Significance of results:
Higher levels of satisfaction and lower levels of depression were important characteristics of attendance and compliance with home-based practice in both groups, whereas lower levels of fatigue uniquely contributed to higher attendance in Tai Chi. Better exercise adherence improves long-term effectiveness of sleep in patients with advanced lung cancer. Adopting strategies is imperative to promote exercise adherence in patients with greater levels of depression and fatigue.
Keywords: Adherence; Advanced lung cancer; Aerobic exercise; Correlates; Tai chi.
PMID: 37503844 DOI: 10.1017/S1478951523000962