Author: Dominik Irnich1, Petra Bäumler2
1 Interdisziplinäre Schmerzambulanz, Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, LMU München, Campus Innenstadt, Pettenkoferstr. 8a, 80336, München, Deutschland. email@example.com.
2 Interdisziplinäre Schmerzambulanz, Klinik für Anaesthesiologie, Klinikum der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, LMU München, Campus Innenstadt, Pettenkoferstr. 8a, 80336, München, Deutschland.
Date published: 2023 Jul 28
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s00482-023-00739-0. , Word Count: 260
Osteoarthritis of the knee (gonarthritis) represents a medical challenge.
What is the evidence with respect to approaches of complementary medicine and their integration into multimodal pain management concepts?
Material and methods:
Qualitative nonsystematic literature search on the epidemiology and pathophysiology as well as informative clinical trials, meta-analyses and clinical guidelines about conservative treatment including complementary therapy for gonarthritis.
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a frequent condition with biopsychosocial risks factors for chronification. The German S2k clinical guideline (k = consensus-based, not based on scientific systematic literature searches) published by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) in 2017 has not yet been updated. The current guidelines of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) date from 2020. Both guidelines recommend exercise therapy, weight reduction, short-term analgesics, topical therapy, intra-articular corticoid injections and acupuncture with variable strengths. Furthermore, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), laser and other electrophysical therapies, shock waves, traction treatment, ergotherapy, comfrey poultices and mudpacks can also be used. Current research supports the benefits of tai chi/qigong and medicinal leaches.
Complementary treatment approaches, such as acupuncture, tai chi/qigong, topical naturopathic self-treatment and leeches (with limitations) can, in addition to behavioral changes, exercise therapy and short-term pharmacological treatment, be important evidence-based components of integrative pain management concepts, e.g. in terms of an interdisciplinary multimodal pain treatment (IMPT). Besides pain reduction and functional improvement they promote the internal control conviction through the possibility of self-treatment and self-exercise.
Keywords: Chronic pain; Integrative medicine; Interdisciplinary therapy; Multimodal therapy; Self-management.
PMID: 37505229 DOI: 10.1007/s00482-023-00739-0