Therapeutic Effects of Traditional Chinese Exercises on Musculoskeletal Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Author: Zhenrui Li1, Jie Zhuang1, Shiwen Zhang1, Qingyi He1, Rui Zhao1, Tursen Alima1, Lei Fang1
1 School of Rehabilitation Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China.

Conference/Journal: Pain Res Manag
Date published: 2021 May 10
Other: Volume ID: 2021 , Pages: 5584997 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1155/2021/5584997. , Word Count: 224

The number of patients with musculoskeletal pain, which seriously affects people's quality of life, has increased. Traditional Chinese exercises are accepted and practiced to strengthen the body.

This study aims to explore the efficacy of traditional Chinese exercises for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain.

A comprehensive search of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to traditional Chinese exercises on patients with musculoskeletal pain was completed using PubMed, SinoMed, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang Med Online databases. All RCTs published until February 2021 were considered. Two researchers independently screened the literature according to the predesigned inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data was extracted and assessed for their risk of bias via the Cochrane collaboration tool. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5.2 and Rx64 4.0.2 software.

A total of 45 RCT studies with 3178 patients were included. Traditional Chinese exercises were able to effectively alleviate patients with musculoskeletal pain (MD = -1.54, 95% confidence interval (-1.88, -1.19), P < 0.01). Among them, the Yi Jin Jing exercise was superior to other exercises, while Wu Qin Xi showed no significant effects. Besides, traditional Chinese exercises had significant positive effects on the dysfunction and stiffness of the waist and knee joints. Traditional Chinese exercises could effectively relieve the clinical symptoms of patients with musculoskeletal pain. Particularly, the Yi Jin Jing exercise presented the most significant positive effect on pain reduction.

PMID: 34055119 PMCID: PMC8131159 DOI: 10.1155/2021/5584997