Author: Wenyuan Li1,2, Fengming You2,3,4, Qiaoling Wang4, Yifeng Shen5, Jundong Wang1,2, Jing Guo3,5
1 Evidence Based Traditional Chinese Medicine Center of Sichuan Province, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.
2 Traditional Chinese Medicine Regulating Metabolic Diseases Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.
3 Teaching and Research Office of Oncology in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.
4 Departmental Office of Scientific Research, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.
5 Clinical Medicine School, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.
Conference/Journal: Front Oncol
Date published: 2023 May 1
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Pages: 1143674 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fonc.2023.1143674. , Word Count: 354
Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) may have a positive impact on physical and psychological well-being in breast cancer patients, but the evidence remains limited and inconclusive. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effects of TCC on the quality of life (QoL) and psychological symptoms in women patients with breast cancer.
This review has been registered on PROSPERO (ID: CRD42019141977). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCC for breast cancer were searched from eight major English and Chinese databases. All trials included were analyzed in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook. The primary outcomes were QoL, anxiety, and depression in patients with breast cancer. Fatigue, sleep quality, cognitive function, and inflammatory cytokine were the secondary outcomes.
Fifteen RCTs involving a total of 1,156 breast cancer participants were included in this review. The methodological quality of included trials was generally poor. The pooled results suggested that TCC-based exercise could significantly improve QoL [standardized mean difference (SMD)=0.35, 95%CI: 0.15-0.55, I 2 = 0, model: fixed, IV], anxiety [weighted mean difference (WMD)=-4.25, 95%CI: -5.88 to -2.63, I 2 = 0, model: fixed, IV], and fatigue (SMD=-0.87, 95%CI: -1.50 to -0.24, I 2 = 80.9%, model: random, DL) compared other controls, with moderate to low certainty of evidence. The improvement of QoL and fatigue by TCC was also clinically meaningful. However, TCC-based exercise failed to show any between-group differences in depression, sleep quality, cognitive function, and inflammatory cytokine. Post-hoc analysis revealed that TCC-based exercise outperformed the other exercise in improving shoulder function with very low certainty of evidence.
Our findings manifested that TCC-based exercise is helpful for improving the QoL, anxiety, and fatigue in patients with breast cancer within the range of comparisons covered in this study. However, the results must be treated with great caution because of the methodological flaws of included trials. Larger, well-designed, and conducted randomized controlled trials with longer follow-up is warranted in the future to evaluate the important outcomes of TCC for breast cancer.
Systematic review registration:
https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42019141977, identifier, CRD42019141977.
Keywords: Tai Chi Chuan; breast cancer; meta-analysis; psychological well-being; quality of life; systematic review.
PMID: 37197428 PMCID: PMC10183581 DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2023.1143674