The effects of a complex yoga-based intervention on healthy psychological functioning

Author: Adam Koncz1,2, Eszter Nagy3, Barbara Csala1, János Körmendi1,2,4, Vera Gál1,2, Csilla Suhaj1,2, Csongor Selmeci5, Ágota Selmeciné Bogdán5, Szilvia Boros1, Ferenc Köteles6,2
1 Institute of Health Promotion and Sport Sciences, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
2 Ádám György Psychophysiology Research Group, Budapest, Hungary.
3 Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
4 Doctoral School of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
5 Magyar Jóga Társaság/Hungarian Yoga Society, Veszprém, Hungary.
6 Institute of Psychology, Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary, Budapest, Hungary.
Conference/Journal: Front Psychol
Date published: 2023 Mar 30
Other: Volume ID: 14 , Pages: 1120992 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1120992. , Word Count: 180

Yoga based interventions were found to have a positive impact on various indicators of psychological functioning, such as perceived stress, satisfaction with life, positive and negative affectivity. Additionally, such interventions improved bodily or interoceptive awareness and spirituality.

The present study assessed the effects of a 3-month long complex yoga-based intervention compared to a passive control group in a Hungarian community sample. The final sample consisted of 44 intervention (Mage = 47.5, SD = = 8.76) and 29 control participants (Mage = 47.4, SD = 9.47). The aforementioned constructs were measured 1 week before and after the intervention.

The intervention reduced participants' perceived stress (p = <0.001, ηp 2 = 0.153) and negative affectivity (p = 0.019, ηp 2 = 0.113), improved spirituality (p = 0.048, ηp 2 = 0.054) and various aspects of interoceptive awareness such as noticing (p = <0.001, ηp 2 = 0.169) attention regulation (p = <0.001, ηp 2 = 0.211), self-regulation (p = 0.002, ηp 2 = 0.190) body listening (p = 0.010, ηp 2 = 0.097), trusting (p = 0.026, ηp 2 = 0.070), but did not impact positive affectivity and satisfaction with life.

A 3-months long complex yoga-based intervention has a positive impact on many aspects of healthy psychological functioning.

Keywords: interoceptive awareness; positive and negative affect; satisfaction with life; spirituality; stress; yoga-based intervention.

PMID: 37063561 PMCID: PMC10097994 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1120992