The influence of 15-weeks climbing program on the static and dynamic balance of young adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities

Author: Marta A Bibro1, Katarzyna Wódka1, Eliza Smoła1, Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymańska1
1 Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Applied Sciences in Tarnow, Tarnow, Poland.
Conference/Journal: J Appl Res Intellect Disabil
Date published: 2023 May 1
Other: Volume ID: 36 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 529-537 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/jar.13075. , Word Count: 176

The aim of the study was to assess the effect of climbing on static and dynamic balance and to determine the usefulness of such training in supporting the fitness of young adults with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities.

The study involved 47 men and 21 women aged 18-25 years. The experimental group participated in classes on an artificial climbing wall for 15 weeks. At that time, the control group did not participate in any organised sports activities. The balance was assessed twice using tests: a bench walk, a functional reach, a single leg stance with the eyes open and closed, and a BTS P-WALK baroresistive platform.

In the experimental group there were improvements in functional reach test by 7.79 cm (p < .001), balance walk test by 0.47 pts (p = .003), improvements in frontal and sagittal plane stability, and tilting area in the closed eyes test. The changes that were observed in the control group were not statistically significant.

Climbing activities can be part of a rehabilitation program to improve balance.

Keywords: balance; climbing; intellectual disabilities.

PMID: 36733266 DOI: 10.1111/jar.13075