Effect of Baduanjin on physical functioning and balance in adults with mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities: A comparative study

Author: Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona1,2, Carlos Ayán2,3,4, Iratxe Duñabeitia1,2, Izaro Esain1, Xabier Monasterio1, Biotz Zulueta5, Jon Torres-Unda1
1 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Spain.
2 RIDEAIDI, Research Network on People with Disability: Exercise, Physical Activity and Inclusive Sport, Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD), Madrid, Spain.
3 Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IIS Galicia Sur), SERGAS-UVIGO, Spain Well-Move Research Group, Vigo, Spain.
4 Departamento de Didácticas Especiais, Universidade de Vigo, Vigo, Spain.
5 Lantegi Batuak, Loiu, Spain.
Conference/Journal: J Appl Res Intellect Disabil
Date published: 2023 Mar 18
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/jar.13092. , Word Count: 153

Adults with intellectual disabilities often experience mobility limitations. Baduanjin, a mindfulness-based exercise intervention, can exert positive effects on functional mobility and balance. This study examined the impact of Baduanjin on physical functioning and balance of adults with intellectual disabilities.

Twenty-nine adults with intellectual disabilities participated in the study. Eighteen received a Baduanjin intervention for 9-months; 11 participants did not receive any intervention (comparison group). Physical functioning and balance were assessed using the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and stabilometry.

Participants in the Baduanjin group experienced significant changes in the SPPB walking test (p = .042), chair stand test (p = .015), and SPPB summary score (p = .010). No significant changes between groups were observed in any of the variables assessed at the end of the intervention.

Baduanjin practice may cause significant, albeit small, improvements in physical functioning of adults with intellectual disabilities.

Keywords: Baduanjin; disability; physical functioning; short physical performance battery; stabilometry.

PMID: 36932817 DOI: 10.1111/jar.13092