Effect of weight-bearing Liuzijue Qigong on cardiopulmonary function

Author: Desheng Li1, Mei Shen, Xiaoyan Yang, Desheng Chen, Chunxiu Zhou, Qiuyang Qian
1 Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Shenzhen Longhua District People's Hospital, Shenzhen City, China.
Conference/Journal: Medicine (Baltimore)
Date published: 2023 Feb 22
Other: Volume ID: 102 , Issue ID: 8 , Pages: e33097 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000033097. , Word Count: 318

Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019, many people have had to reduce their outdoor activities. Therefore, a convenient, simple, at-home training method to improve or maintain cardiopulmonary function is required. This study aimed to explore the therapeutic effect of weight-bearing Liuzijue Qigong on cardiopulmonary function in healthy volunteers.

This study was a longitudinal trial. The health participants completed a 4-week Liuzijue Qigong exercise with 0.25 kg sandbag wore on each wrist. Each training session took 30 minutes to complete 2 consecutive cycles, and 5 times a week. The cardiopulmonary function of participants was evaluated at baseline (T0) and the end of the intervention (T4). Outcomes measures were pulmonary function, diaphragm movement, and cardiac hemodynamic parameters. Paired t test was used to analyze differences within the group.

After 4 weeks of weight-bearing Liuzijue Qigong exercise intervention, the differences in the forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (P = .006), forced vital capacity rate of 1 second (P = .003), maximal mid-expiratory flow curve (P = .002), forced expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity (P = .003), and maximum ventilatory volume (P < .001) of the participants were statistically significant. The diaphragmatic excursion (P = .009) under the calm breathing mode and the diaphragmatic contraction speed (P = .003) under the deep breathing mode improved significantly. The cardiac output (P = .04), cardiac index (P = .035), contractility index (P = .018), early diastolic filling ratio (P = .042), systemic vascular resistance index (P = .019), systemic vascular resistance (P = .017), and estimated ejection fraction (P = .016) of participants improved significantly in the resting stage. At the end stage of fast walking, that is, the sixth minute of six-minute walk test, the stroke volume index (P = .048), heart rate (P = .019), cardiac output (P = .008), cardiac index (P = .003), and left cardiac work index (P = .028) of participants were significantly increased compared with those before training, and the systemic vascular resistance index (P = .003) and systemic vascular resistance (P = .005) were decreased.

Weight-bearing Liuzijue Qigong training significantly improved cardiopulmonary function in healthy volunteers, thus representing home-based cardiopulmonary rehabilitation training.

PMID: 36827027 DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000033097