The Effect of Meditation-Based Mind-Body Interventions on Symptoms and Executive Function in People With ADHD: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Author: Zeping Zhang1, Xiaolong Chang1, Weijing Zhang1, Suyong Yang1, Guangsheng Zhao1
1 Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.
Conference/Journal: J Atten Disord
Date published: 2023 Feb 20
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/10870547231154897. , Word Count: 172

This study aims to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of MBIs (Mindfulness, Tai Chi, Yoga, and Qigong) on symptoms and executive function (EF) in ADHD.

PubMed, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and CNKI databases were searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of MBIs on symptoms and EF in ADHD. Data extraction and methodological quality evaluation were conducted by two researchers, and a meta-analysis was conducted by Stata SE.

The pooled meta-analyses of MBIs revealed a positive and small effect on inattention (g = -0.26), hyperactivity/impulsivity (g = -0.19), and EF (g = -0.35).

Results suggest that MBIs have a significant improvement relative to the control condition. Although some results show that symptoms are affected by age, interventions, and total time of moderators, while EF is not affected by age and measurement, it needs to be supported by more research evidence. (J. of Att. Dis. XXXX; XX(X) XX-XX).

Keywords: ADHD; MBIs; executive function; hyperactivity/impulsivity; inattention.

PMID: 36803119 DOI: 10.1177/10870547231154897