Whole-Body Vibration Therapy as a Modality for Treatment of Senile and Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: A Review Article

Author: Anushree Singh1, Anuj R Varma1
1 Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, IND.
Conference/Journal: Cureus
Date published: 2023 Jan 12
Other: Volume ID: 15 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: e33690 , Special Notes: doi: 10.7759/cureus.33690. , Word Count: 270

Whole-body vibration therapy is an intentional biomechanical stimulation of the body using various frequencies of vibrations with the motive of health improvement. Ever since its discovery, this therapy has been extensively used in physiotherapeutic measures and the sports industry. For its property of increasing bone mass and density, space agencies use this therapy on astronauts who return to Earth after long-term space missions to regain lost bone and muscle mass. The potential of this therapy to restore bone mass encouraged researchers to look for its scope in the treatment of age-related bone degenerative diseases such as osteoporosis and sarcopenia, as well as in the correction of posture control and gait in geriatrics and post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis and osteopenia account for roughly half of all fractures worldwide. These degenerative diseases also cause gait and posture changes. Bisphosphonates, monoclonal antibodies, parathyroid hormone fragments, hormone replacement therapies, and calcium and vitamin D supplementation are among the medical treatments available. Lifestyle changes and physical exercise are advised. However, vibration therapy's scope as a treatment option is yet to be explored. The safe range of frequency, amplitude, duration, and intensity of the therapy is still to be determined. This article is a review of the results of various clinical trials done in the last 10 years that target the effect of vibration therapy in both osteoporotic women and the elderly for the treatment of such ailments and deformities. We collected data from PubMed using advanced search and applied the exclusion criteria. In total, we analyzed nine clinical trials.

Keywords: bone mass density; dexa; postmenopausal osteoporosis; senile osteoporosis; whole body vibration therapy.

PMID: 36793830 PMCID: PMC9925023 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.33690