Effects of Mind-Body Training as a Mental Health Therapy in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus Type II: A Systematic Review

Author: Beatriz Ruiz-Ariza1, Fidel Hita-Contreras1, Carlos Rodríguez-López2, Yulieth Rivas-Campo3, Agustín Aibar-Almazán1, María Del Carmen Carcelén-Fraile1, Yolanda Castellote-Caballero1, Diego Fernando Afanador-Restrepo4
1 Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain.
2 Lecturer University Schools Gimbernat, University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain.
3 Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, University of San Buenaventura-Cali, Santiago de Cali 760016, Colombia.
4 Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University Foundation of the Área Andina-Pereira, Pereira 660004, Colombia.
Conference/Journal: J Clin Med
Date published: 2023 Jan 20
Other: Volume ID: 12 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 853 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/jcm12030853. , Word Count: 204

The increase in the prevalence and disease burden of diabetes has highlighted the need to strengthen a comprehensive care system that includes mental health treatment. A systematic review was carried out to analyze the effectiveness of mind-body training as a therapy for the mental health management of adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) following the PRISMA 2020 guidelines. Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases were consulted between November and December 2022. Eight articles were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Only randomized controlled trials were included. The interventions focused on mindfulness and yoga with variable durations of between 8 weeks and 6 months. Four of the included studies observed statistically significant changes (p < 0.05) in anxiety. Six articles determined that mind-body training was effective for treating depression. Finally, five articles found favorable effects on stress, while one did not observe changes at 8 weeks of intervention or after 1 year of follow-up. The evidence supports the use of mind-body training to reduce stress, depression, and anxiety levels in the adult population with T2DM, which makes this type of training a valuable intervention to be included in an integral approach to diabetic pathology.

Keywords: anxiety; depression; diabetes mellitus; mindfulness; psychological; stress; yoga.

PMID: 36769502 DOI: 10.3390/jcm12030853