Author: Helena Schmidt1, Christian Pilat2
1 Institute of Sports Science, Department of Exercise Physiology and Sports Therapy, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Kugelberg 62, 35394 Giessen, Germany.
2 Institute of Sports Science, Department of Exercise Physiology and Sports Therapy, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Kugelberg 62, 35394 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: email@example.com.
Conference/Journal: Complement Ther Med
Date published: 2023 Jan 26
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2023.102924. , Word Count: 261
Low back pain (LBP) is a common biopsychosocial health problem. Meditation may provide a complementary treatment option for LBP patients.
The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to examine the effects of meditation on pain intensity, functional disability, quality of life, and depression in LBP populations.
This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA Guidelines. PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, CamQuest and PubPsych were searched up to a publication date of June 2020. Inclusion criteria were RCTs or non-RCTs with LBP patients, aged at least 18 years, the application of a specific meditation technique, and pain intensity and/or functional disability as outcomes. Pooled SMDs were calculated at post-treatment and follow up. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool was used to estimate risk of bias. The overall quality of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach.
12 studies with a total of 1005 participants were included in this review. Compared to controls, meditation solely showed a significant positive effect on pain intensity (SMD = -0.27 [CI -0.43; -0.11]; p = 0.001; based on 10 studies with 934 participants) and physical quality of life (SMD = 0.21 [CI 0.07; 0.36]; p = 0.005; based on 5 studies with 756 participants) at post-treatment. At follow up (mean 20 weeks, range 4-52) there were no significant effects anymore. The quality of the evidence was moderate due to study limitations and imprecision.
Meditation seems to be promising with regard to reducing short-term pain intensity in patients with LBP. However, additional well-designed and large trials are required in order to draw more reliable conclusions.
Keywords: Chronic Pain; low back pain; meditation; mindfulness; psychosomatic disorders.
PMID: 36709927 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2023.102924