Mathematical models for predicting G-level tolerances

Author: Burton RR
Human Effectiveness Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Brooks AFB, TX, USA.
Conference/Journal: Aviat Space Environ Med
Date published: 2000
Other: Volume ID: 71 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: 506-513 , Word Count: 143

The mathematical models developed in this article predict the followinghuman G-level tolerances: 1) rapid onset relaxed (ROR); 2) gradual onsetrelaxed (GOR); and, 3) straining-rapid onset. Included in the model are specific functions of: 1) anti-G suit; 2) positive pressure breathing (PBG); 3) baroreceptor reflex; 4) handgrip reflex; 5) anti-G straining maneuver (AGSM) increasing intrathoracic pressures (Pi); 6) leg elevation; and, 7) reclining seatback angles < or = 55 degrees. These functions are based on sound physiologic principles. Also discussed in the development of this model, but not included in the models, were: 1) isometric muscle contraction reflex; 2) Qigong (Q-G) maneuver; and, 3) straining GOR tolerances. The straining GOR tolerance profile was calculated to be a measure of G-duration
tolerance and not G-level tolerance. A maximum P of 125 mm Hg from the AGSM was used in these models that could be augmented with PBG to 185 mm Hg. G-level tolerance predictions using this model were validated with published data.