Mind-Body Integrative Health (MBIH) Interventions for Sleep among Adolescents: A Scoping Review of Implementation, Participation and Outcomes

Author: Samantha Garbers1, Nawal Q Umar2, Rachel E Hand2, John Usseglio3, Melanie A Gold1,4,5, Jean-Marie Bruzzese6
1 Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, Heilbrunn Department of Population & Family Health, New York, NY.
2 Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY.
3 Augustus C. Long Health Sciences Library, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
4 Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Child and Adolescent Health, New York, NY.
5 New York-Presbyterian, School-Based Health Centers, New York, NY.
6 Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, NY.
Conference/Journal: Adolesc Res Rev
Date published: 2022 Dec 1
Other: Volume ID: 7 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 565-589 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s40894-021-00176-z. , Word Count: 337

Adolescents get insufficient sleep, adversely affecting health. Mind-body integrative health interventions for adolescents have been shown to reduce stress, a barrier to good sleep. This scoping review aimed to synthesize mind-body integrative health interventions for adolescents, how interventions were implemented, who was reached. A systematic search of four online databases was conducted. Randomized, quasi-experimental, and single-group designs with participants ages 10-24 years were included. Twelve studies covering 10 interventions using mindfulness, qigong, aromatherapy, or yoga were identified. Participants were predominantly female; only one study reported participants' race or ethnicity (81% non-Hispanic white). Most (n=6) interventions were delivered in groups, and half reported significant improvements in subjective sleep quality. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy were the most commonly used modalities, with reported impact on sleep outcomes measured objectively. The two interventions that found statistically significant, moderate improvements in objectively-measured sleep onset latency and sleep efficiency were of higher intensity and used mindfulness. Four interventions were self-directed; participants in these struggled with adherence; significant impacts on sleep were not found. While findings were mixed, stemming in part from the quality of the underlying studies, this review identified several promising features of interventions, including using mindfulness, ensuring sufficient intervention dose, and targeting interventions towards adolescents with poor sleep at baseline (rather than a general population of adolescents). The findings suggests that sleep interventions for adolescents may improve psychological well-being as an intermediate effect, as sleep improvements were observed mostly among participants with poor sleep quality or anxiety symptoms at baseline. This review identified several gaps in the literature. Despite documented racial and ethnic disparities in sleep quality among adolescents, published evidence of mind-body integrative health-based sleep interventions among Black and Latinx adolescents is lacking. None of the studies in this review assessed developmental stage or age differences, despite documented differences in sleep across age groups of adolescents. These two gaps in the evidence should be addressed in future intervention research.

Keywords: Sleep; adolescence; interventions; mind-body integrative health; mindfulness.

PMID: 36619475 PMCID: PMC9815202 (available on 2023-12-01) DOI: 10.1007/s40894-021-00176-z