Efficacy of traditional Chinese exercise for sarcopenia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Author: Kun Niu1, Ying-Lian Liu1, Fan Yang1, Yong Wang2, Xia-Zhi Zhou1, Qing Qu3
1 College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China.
2 Department of Neurology, Minhang Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
3 Department of Massage, Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.
Conference/Journal: Front Neurosci
Date published: 2022 Dec 22
Other: Volume ID: 16 , Pages: 1094054 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fnins.2022.1094054. , Word Count: 286

To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Exercise (TCE) for sarcopenia.

A literature search was conducted in eight online databases from inception until September 2022. Based on the Cochrane risk of bias tool, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with RoB score ≥ 4 were included for further analyses. The primary outcome was muscle strength and physical function, and the secondary outcomes were adverse events. Data collection and analyses were conducted by RevMan 5.4 Software. GRADE system was used to evaluate the certainty of evidence.

A total of 13 eligible RCTs with 718 subjects were identified and included in this study. Among them, 10 RCTs involved Yijinjing; 2 involved Tai Chi; and 1 involved Baduanjin. Meta-analyses showed that TCE had better clinical effects than control measures in the chair stand test (P < 0.00001, I2 = 38%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), squatting-to-standing test (P < 0.00001, I2 = 0%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), 6-m gait speed (P < 0.00001, I2 = 13%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), Time Up and Go Test (P = 0.03, I2 = 81%; Certainty of evidence: Low), peak torque of the extensors (P = 0.03, I2 = 0%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), total work of the extensors (P = 0.03, I2 = 35%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), peak torque of the flexors (P = 0.03, I2 = 47%; Certainty of evidence: Low), total work of the flexors (P = 0.02, I2 = 42%; Certainty of evidence: Low), the average power of the flexors (P = 0.03, I2 = 30%; Certainty of evidence: Moderate), and balance function (P < 0.00001, I2 = 53%; Certainty of evidence: Low). In additional, no adverse events were reported in participants who receive TCE.

The findings of the present systematic review, at least to a certain extent, provided supporting evidence for the routine use of TCE for sarcopenia.

Keywords: meta-analysis; sarcopenia; systematic review; traditional Chinese exercise; traditional Chinese medicine.

PMID: 36620459 PMCID: PMC9813668 DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2022.1094054