Author: Garcia-MunozCristina García-Muñoz1, GarciaPaula González García2, María Jesús Casuso-Holgado3, Martinez-CalderonJavier Martínez-Calderón3, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo3
1 Departamento de Enfermería y Fisioterapia, Facultad de Enfermería y Fisioterapia, Universidad de Cádiz, Avda. Ana de Viya 52, 11009 Cádiz, Spain; Uncertainty, Mindfulness, Self, Spirituality (UMSS) Research Group, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
2 Departamento de Fisioterapia, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad de Sevilla, c/ Avicena s/n, 41009 Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
3 Departamento de Fisioterapia, Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad de Sevilla, c/ Avicena s/n, 41009 Sevilla, Spain; Uncertainty, Mindfulness, Self, Spirituality (UMSS) Research Group, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
Conference/Journal: Complement Ther Med
Date published: 2022 Dec 21
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2022.102912. , Word Count: 234
To synthesize evidence from systematic reviews on the effects of qigong, tai chi, and yoga in people with neurological diseases.
A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane Library until September 2022. Methodological quality was assessed using the AMSTAR 2 tool. A qualitative synthesis of included reviews and meta-analyses was performed. Citation matrices and the corrected covered area were used to explore the overlap of randomized controlled trials among reviews.
Nineteen systematic reviews (containing 74 trials and 80 meta-analyses) in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) or stroke were included. The critical domains of the AMSTAR 2 were not satisfied in more than half of the reviews, and only 4 evaluated the certainty of the evidence. The overlap was very high (21.7%) and high (11%) for tai chi studies in PD and stroke, respectively. In people with PD, qigong, yoga, and tai chi can improve balance, with tai chi being beneficial to increase functional mobility. For stroke patients, tai chi was better than controls to enhance motor function and independence, but not for health-related quality of life and quality of sleep. Findings on balance, walking ability and depression were inconclusive in stroke population.
Qigong, tai chi, and yoga appear to be effective to improve balance performance in people with PD. Tai chi practice enhances motor function and independency in stroke patients.
Keywords: QiQong; Stroke, Parkinson´s Disease, meta-analysis; Tai Chi; Yoga.
PMID: 36565791 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2022.102912