Trait Mindfulness and Physical Health among Chinese Middle-Older Adults: The Mediating Role of Mental Health

Author: Yuruo Lei1, Jiawei Liu1, Xinyu Wang2, Zhiqi Deng3, Qiufeng Gao2
1 Global Megacity Governance Institute, School of Government, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.
2 Department of Sociology, School of Government, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.
3 Department of Clinical Medicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.
Conference/Journal: Int J Environ Res Public Health
Date published: 2022 Dec 1
Other: Volume ID: 19 , Issue ID: 23 , Pages: 16088 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/ijerph192316088. , Word Count: 168

Few studies have focused on the specific effects of trait mindfulness on physical health status, especially from a resilient aging perspective. This study examined the mediating role of mental health in the association between trait mindfulness and physical health status among middle-older adults in urban China. The participants included 188 individuals who were recruited from a community senior university and five community senior care centers. The findings reveal: (1) trait mindfulness has a strong effect on two physical health indicators (self-rated physical health and subjective sleep quality); (2) mental health is a significant mediator in the relationship between trait mindfulness and physical health status; and (3) the mediation role of mental health is more evident in the self-rated physical health model (24.15%) than subjective sleep quality (18.10%). This study improves our knowledge of how trait mindfulness can lead to a better physical health in middle-older adults and can lead to the development of social value communication and effective prevention.

Keywords: mental health; middle-older adults; physical health status; trait mindfulness; urban China.

PMID: 36498162 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192316088