Grounding (earthing) as related to electromagnetic hygiene: An integrative review

Author: Isaac A Jamieson1
1 Technology Management Program, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Rangsit Campus, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand. Electronic address:
Conference/Journal: Biomed J
Date published: 2022 Dec 7
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/ , Word Count: 163

There are a growing number of studies investigating how grounding (earthing) the body may benefit biological performance and aid the treatment of non-communicable diseases. Research also indicates how biological grounding initiatives can sometimes be compromised, or inappropriate, and the need to take additional factors into account as potential contributory factors, or confounders, to expected results. It is proposed that expanding electromagnetic hygiene measures beyond biological grounding alone may help reduce spread of communicable diseases, incidence of respiratory conditions, neurodegenerative disease and all-cause mortality. Identifying potential synergies that exist could enable multilevel interventions to further increase the efficacy of measures. It is hoped that this review will help act as a catalyst to inspire and inform multi-disciplinary research within these topic areas, best practices and policies to help drive medical innovation, reduce health burdens, improve bioelectromagnetic-based therapies, and influence the general design of the built environment and next-generation technologies.

Keywords: earthing; electromagnetic hygiene; grounding; infection control; non-communicable disease; particulate matter.

PMID: 36496151 DOI: 10.1016/