Inflammatory Biomarker Responses to Whole-Body Vibration in Subjects with Different Clinical Status: A Systematic Review

Author: Eloá Moreira-Marconi1,2,3, Ygor Teixeira-Silva1,3,4, Alexandre Gonçalves de Meirelles1,3,5, Maria Eduarda de Souza Melo-Oliveira1,5, Aline Cristina Gomes Santos1,2, Aline Reis-Silva1,4, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos1,4,6, Aderito Seixas7, Carla da Fontoura Dionello8, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo1,2,4, Mario Bernardo-Filho1
1 Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas-LAVIMPI, Departamento de Biofísica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia Roberto Alcântara Gomes and Policlínica Piquet Carneiro, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20950-003, Brazil.
2 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisiopatologia Clínica e Experimental, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20551-030, Brazil.
3 Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Estacio de Sá, Rio de Janeiro 20771-900, Brazil.
4 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Médicas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20551-030, Brazil.
5 Mestrado Profissional em Saúde, Medicina Laboratorial e Tecnologia Forense, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20950-003, Brazil.
6 Departamento de Fisioterapia, Instituto Multidisciplinar de Reabilitação e Saúde, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador 40110-060, Brazil.
7 Escola Superior de Saúde Fernando Pessoa, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal.
8 Departamento de Reumatologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-590, Brazil.
Conference/Journal: Int J Environ Res Public Health
Date published: 2022 Nov 11
Other: Volume ID: 19 , Issue ID: 22 , Pages: 14853 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/ijerph192214853. , Word Count: 193

Inflammation is considered to be a vital defense mechanism for health, acting as a protective response of the immune system through a satisfactory inflammatory biomarker response (IBR). IBR, as well as being beneficial to the organism, can be also responsible for a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases. Whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise is a type of physical exercise that can act on inflammation responses due its capacity for stimulating the sensory components that promote systemic responses. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of WBV on IBR in different clinical status.

This is a systematic review that includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of WBV exercise on IBR. The methodological quality, risk of bias, and level of evidence were rated.

Four RCTs met the selection criteria. The studies showed benefits associated with IBR (e.g., cytokines, adipokines, and C-reactive protein) in various clinical conditions, including healthy populations and some chronic diseases (such as obesity, aging disorders, and knee osteoarthritis), using several WBV protocols.

WBV might be useful in the management of inflammatory conditions.

Keywords: inflammation; physical and rehabilitation medicine; whole-body vibration exercise.

PMID: 36429572 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192214853