Effect of Wu Qin Xi exercises on pain and function in people with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Author: Jiale Guo1, Caiju Peng1, Ziyan Hu1, Liangliang Guo1, Ru Dai1, Yehai Li1
1 Department of Orthopedics, Chaohu Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.
Conference/Journal: Front Med (Lausanne)
Date published: 2022 Nov 7
Other: Volume ID: 9 , Pages: 979207 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fmed.2022.979207. , Word Count: 304

As a chronic disease that affects the whole world, there is no definite treatment for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Wu Qin Xi (WQX) is still in preliminary exploration as a traditional Chinese exercise in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of previous studies and to investigate the efficacy of the WQX exercises on pain and function in patients with KOA.

We searched six databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CQVIP, and CNKI) for articles on WQX for KOA up to May 10, 2022. Literature search, study selection, data extraction, and quality evaluation were performed by two independent authors. In terms of statistical results, we presented mean differences (MD), 95% CI, and I 2 to show heterogeneity, and, based on that, we chose either a random effects model or a fixed effects model.

Seven studies were selected for inclusion in this meta-analysis. The WQX intervention group showed statistical differences for both the total Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score and its various bylaws, the Visual Analogue Score (VAS), and the presence of general functional exercise in the control group. We also demonstrated the clinically meaningful efficacy of WQX treatment by calculating minimum clinical importance difference (MCID) values that met the MCID values on the WOMAC score. A sensitivity analysis was also performed in this study by subgroup analysis for greater heterogeneity, and it was inferred that the difference in follow-up time was a likely source of heterogeneity.

Despite some limitations, the current study showed a definite effect of WQX in improving pain symptoms and joint function in patients with KOA.

Systematic review registration:
https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier: CRD42022332209.

Keywords: Chinese traditional medicine; Wu Qin Xi; function; knee osteoarthritis; meta-analysis; pain; qigong; systematic review.

PMID: 36419784 PMCID: PMC9676488 DOI: 10.3389/fmed.2022.979207