Baduanjin exercise for balance function in community-dwelling older adults with cognitive frailty: a randomized controlled trial protocol

Author: Yu Zhang#1, Jiawei Wu#1, Xiaoqian Wang1, Guohua Zheng2
1 Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.
2 College of Nursing and Health Management, Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences, Shanghai, 201318, China.
Conference/Journal: BMC Complement Med Ther
Date published: 2022 Nov 17
Other: Volume ID: 22 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 295 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1186/s12906-022-03764-1. , Word Count: 276

Balance function provides a physiological link between the physical and cognitive function, and is a potential predictor for cognitive frailty. As a gentle mind-body exercise, Baduanjin can develop flexibility and co-ordination, thus would be is helpful for the improvement of balance function. This trial will evaluate the effect of Baduanjin on balance function in older adults with CF.

A total of 72 community-dwelling older adults with CF will be recruited and randomly allocated (1:1) into the Baduanjin exercise group or usual physical activity control group. All participants will undergo a health education program on nutrition and diet-related knowledge for 6 sessions (30 min per session) during the intervention period. Moreover, participants in the Baduanjin exercise group will receive a 24-week Baduanjin training course of 60 min per session and 3 sessions per week, while those in the usual physical activity control group will be required to maintain their original physical activity. Primary and secondary outcomes will be measured at baseline and after the 24-week intervention period. A mixed linear model will be constructed to analyse the intervention effects.

This protocol presents an objective design of a randomized, single-blind trial that will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of traditional Chinese mind-body exercise Baduanjin training on the balance ability of community-dwelling older adults with cognitive frailty. If the results are as expected, this trial will provide evidence of the effect of Baduanjin exercise on balance in an older community-based population.

Trial registration:
This trial was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry with code ChiCTR2100050857 and was approved on 5 September 2021.

Keywords: Baduanjin exercise; Balance function; Cognitive frailty; Randomized controlled trial; Study protocol.

PMID: 36397018 PMCID: PMC9670484 DOI: 10.1186/s12906-022-03764-1