Author: Xinwei Yang1, Xiali Xue1,2, Huan Tu1,2, Ning Li1,2
1 School of Sports Medicine and Health, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
2 Institute of Sports Medicine and Health, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.
Conference/Journal: Disabil Rehabil
Date published: 2022 Nov 11
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2138993. , Word Count: 259
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to systematically evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration training (WBVT) on the recovery of lower limb function in people with stroke.
The literature search was made in the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and Embase electronic databases. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Data extraction, quality assessment and meta-analysis were performed. The search was conducted on September 01, 2022. The data analysis software was RevMan 5.3.
A total of 13 RCTs were included, including 687 patients. The results showed that compared with the control group, the overall difference in balance function was statistically significant [MD = 4.23, 95% CI 2.21 ∼ 6.26, p < 0.0001]. There was no significant difference in the evaluation indexes of lower limb motor function, including the TUG, 10MWT, 6MWT, and FMA - LE. The overall difference in lower limb muscle spasticity was statistically significant [MD = -0.53, 95% CI -0.81 ∼ 0.26, p = 0.0001].
Compared with the control group, using WBVT treatment has a more obvious effect on the recovery of lower limb function and muscle spasticity, and there is no obvious advantage in motor function recovery.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThis Systematic Review and meta-analysis of evidence suggest that whole-body vibration training is effective in the rehabilitation of lower limb function in patients with stroke.Whole body vibration training may be a better choice for improving balance and spasm in people with stroke.Currently it is not known which whole-body vibration training model with vibration intensity, stimulus type and duration is most effective and to design more targeted interventions.
Keywords: Whole-body vibration training; function; lower limb; meta-analysis; stroke.
PMID: 36367314 DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2138993