Scientific Evidence of Health Benefits by Practicing Mantra Meditation: Narrative Review

Author: Ampere A Tseng1
1 Director and Professor Emeritus, Manufacturing Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.
Conference/Journal: Int J Yoga
Date published: 2022 May-Aug
Other: Volume ID: 15 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 89-95 , Special Notes: doi: 10.4103/ijoy.ijoy_53_22. , Word Count: 232

Mantra meditation (MM) is one of the simplest and most effective meditative practices suitable for both novice and skillful meditators. It has attracted a significant number of practitioners for various health benefits or for spiritual inspiration. The scope of this review article focuses on the examination of the health benefits of practicing MM without considering the motivation by spiritual rewarding or cultivation. Through the examination, we attempt to confirm and to add scientific evidence on the benefits of mental and physical health to the practitioners. We review a large number of the recent studies of MM for understanding the mechanism in yielding medical benefits and for analyzing the quantitative evidence of the trial outcomes. The review covers four important areas: stress, anxiety, hypertension, and immunity, with the hope to evoke more studies to refine the current evidence and to encourage more studies in other promising areas. Furthermore, the review gives more attention or discussion on more recent, original, and stronger studies. The discussion can include the strong or weak points of the reviewed studies. The review discovers evidence that MM can provide various degrees of beneficial effects on the four areas considered. Studies with larger participants, superior quality, and a few others are recommended to draw firm conclusions. Several promising research areas and directions are also suggested.

Keywords: Anxiety; health benefit; hypertension; immunity; mantra meditation; stress.

PMID: 36329765 PMCID: PMC9623891 DOI: 10.4103/ijoy.ijoy_53_22