Radar-based remote physiological sensing: Progress, challenges, and opportunities

Author: Shekh Md Mahmudul Islam1
1 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Conference/Journal: Front Physiol
Date published: 2022 Oct 11
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Pages: 955208 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fphys.2022.955208. , Word Count: 166

Modern microwave Doppler radar-based physiological sensing is playing an important role in healthcare applications and during the last decade, there has been a significant advancement in this non-contact respiration sensing technology. The advantages of contactless, unobtrusive respiration monitoring have drawn interest in various medical applications such as sleep apnea, sudden infant death syndromes (SIDS), remote respiratory monitoring of burn victims, and COVID patients. This paper provides a perspective on recent advances in biomedical and healthcare applications of Doppler radar that can detect the tiny movement of the chest surfaces to extract heartbeat and respiration and its associated different vital signs parameters (tidal volume, heart rate variability (HRV), and so on) of the human subject. Additionally, it also highlights the challenges, and opportunities of this remote physiological sensing technology and several future research directions will be laid out to deploy this sensor technology in our day-to-day life.

Keywords: Min.5-Max. 8; biomedical radar sensor; breathing rate (BR); heart rate; non-contact sensing; physiological sensing.

PMID: 36304581 PMCID: PMC9592800 DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2022.955208