Effects of mind-body exercises on cognitive impairment in people with Parkinson's disease: A mini-review

Author: Ting Zhang1,2, Wei Liu3, Song Gao1
1 College of Physical Education and Health Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China.
2 University Hospital, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China.
3 Physical Education College, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, China.
Conference/Journal: Front Neurol
Date published: 2022 Sep 1
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Pages: 931460 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3389/fneur.2022.931460. , Word Count: 247

Parkinson's disease (PD) is an important health problem caused by the degeneration of brain neurons. Bradykinesia and lower balance ability seriously affect the quality of life of people with PD. Non-motor symptoms, such as cognitive impairment, accompany the course of the disease but still lack sufficient attention. In general, drugs combined with cognitive training are the most common ways to improve cognitive impairment in people with PD. However, long-term use of psychiatric drugs may lead to side effects such as brain death and movement disorders. Recently, mindfulness has been used by researchers in the treatment of cognitive impairment, because healthy older adults who engage in mind-body exercises for a long time have higher cognitive levels than normal aging populations. Mind-body exercise, as a therapy that combines concentration, breath control, and physical activity, is beneficial for improving practitioners' brain and mental health. Mind-body exercises such as Tai Chi, yoga, dance, and Pilates can improve cognitive performance in older adults with or without cognitive impairment. Therefore, mind-body exercise may be a feasible strategy for the treatment of cognitive impairment in people with PD. This study summarizes the latest evidence that mind-body exercises including Tai Chi, Qigong, yoga, and dance improve cognitive impairment associated with PD. We also explored the limitations of current mind-body exercise research, aiming to provide new ideas for improving mind-body exercise as a strategy to alleviate cognitive impairment in people with PD.

Keywords: Parkinson's disease; cognitive impairment; limitations; mind-body exercise; rehabilitation.

PMID: 36119693 PMCID: PMC9474886 DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2022.931460